4 Normals Normals are standard data values for a location. Data is used from at least 30 years and include…Daily high and low temperaturesAmount of rainfallWind speed and directionHumidityAir pressure
5 Causes of Climate1. Latitude: determines the amount of solar radiation an area receives.Latitude alone separates the Earth into three different Climate zones.
6 Causes of Climate Tropics: 23.5 degrees N – 23.5 degrees S. This climate zone receives the most direct sunlight. Temperatures are generally warm year round.
7 Causes of ClimateTemperate zone: 23.5 degrees – 66.5 degrees North and South.Moderate temperatures, four seasons.
8 Causes of Climate Polar zones: 66.5 – 90 degrees North and South. Receives light at low angles. Very indirect sunlight causing temperatures to be cold.Regions experience long periods of light and dark.
9 Causes of Climate 2. Large bodies of Water. Water heats and cools slower than air.Large bodies of water act like a buffer for coastal regions.
10 Causes of Climate 3. Altitude High Altitude can decrease an areas temperature.These regions are called highlands.
11 Causes of Climate4. Mountain Barriers : Warm moist air condenses when air is lifted up over a mountain causing precipitation. Resulting in the formation of a desert on the opposite side of the mountain.
12 Natural Climate Changes Ice ages are times in Earth’s history whenAverage global temperature decreased.Extensive glaciers covered Earth’s surface.Ice ages alternate between periods of warm and cold.The last ice age ended 10,000 ya
13 Natural Climate Changes Seasons: are short-term periods of climatic change caused by regular variations in daylight, temperature, and weather patterns.Seasons are caused by the tilt of the Earth’s axis.The hemisphere that is tilted towards the sun is experiencing summer, away winter.
14 Natural Climate Changes El Nino : a warm ocean current that occasionally develops off the western coast of South America.El Nino Video
16 Natural Climate Changes Volcanic ActivityVolcanic dust can remain suspended in the atmosphere for several years, reflecting incoming solar radiation and lower global temperatures.The eruption at Mount Pinatuboin 1991 lowered the globaltemperature for a year!
17 Unnatural Climate Changes Greenhouse effect: the natural heating of Earth’s surface caused by certain atmospheric gasses called greenhouse gasses.Life on Earth would not be possible on Earth with out the greenhouse effect!!!! We would all freeze!Greenhouse effect acts like a blanket around Earth preventing all heat from escaping back into space.
18 Unnatural Climate Changes Global Warming: an unhealthy amount of greenhouse gasses causing the average global temperature to increase.Basically causing the blanket to become to thick, trapping too much heat.