5 th expansion The Treaty of Accession, signed in Athens on 16 April 2003
10 Additional Countries 8 Central and Eastern European Countries 3 Baltic states, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia Malta and Cyprus, both members of the Commonwealth. They represent 75 million inhabitants, 15% of the EUs population before expansion (and 19% of its territory and 5% of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
The expanded EU has 25 members, 450 million inhabitants
France has supported the expansion from the very beginning, for political reasons
For NZ A challenge due to less familiar relations with the new members Risk of a EU more difficult to influence
The expanded EU must be able to function For France, three objectives
1- More democratic The incorporation of the Charter of fundamental rights in the constitution The extension of the European Parliaments powers The election of the President of the Commission by Parliament, on the Councils proposal citizens right to initiate legislation
2- More effective New definition of qualified majority Quasi-generalisation of qualified majority Reinforcement of the Commission by reducing its composition and reinforcing the authority of the President of the Commission Stable Council presidency Creation of a Minister of Foreign Affairs, reliant on a European diplomatic service Increase in the EUs powers
3- Closer to citizens Simplification of controls and procedures Transparency of the Councils work Clearer division of powers
For NZ Interest in the decision simplification process
CONSEQUENCES ON THE PLACE OF THE EU IN THE WORLD
Development of an European Defence Policy Agreement between France/UK/Germany to develop an autonomous planning/steering capacity of operations EU military intervention in Macedonia and Ituri Creation of a weapons agency in 2004 compatible with the Atlantic Alliance
Bulgaria and Romania Turkey: 70 million inhabitants. 99: is a candidate state destined to join the Union on the basis of the same criteria as applied for the other candidates. Croatia has applied For new members neighbours, to the East (Ukraine, Byelorussia, Moldavia, Russia) and to the South (South Mediterranean), redefinition of relationships
CONCLUSION Public opinion in France: poll at the end of 2002, only 27% against expansion (but only 12% completely in favour). EU 66% in favour, 22% against Victor Hugo, in 1849: A day will come when all of the continents nations, without losing their distinct qualities and their glorious individuality, will merge closely into one greater unity and form the European brotherhood.