Presentation on theme: "Lesson Intentions In your organisers write; “An introduction to the European Union.” In your jotter write; “The European Union” 26 th September 2011."— Presentation transcript:
Lesson Intentions In your organisers write; “An introduction to the European Union.” In your jotter write; “The European Union” 26 th September 2011
The European Union: 500 million people in 27 countries with 23 official languages
Founders New ideas for lasting peace and prosperity… Konrad Adenauer Robert Schuman Winston Churchill Alcide De Gasperi Jean Monnet
The EU symbols The European flag Europe Day, 9 May The moto: United in diversity European National Anthem. European National Anthem. European National Anthem
Tasks Collect 6 different colours. Everyone read pages 127 – 128. You will now use the information on these pages to show the European Unions expansion from 6 countries to 25 countries. Use a different colour for each year. Make a key to record who joined in which year. 1957 1986 19731995 19812004
What do we know already? Europe destroyed after WW2 Many leaders wanted a “New Europe” 6 countries began trading with each other – The Common Market, in 1957 –Belgium –France –Germany –Italy –Luxembourg –Netherlands
The Treaty of Rome Agreed to: –Remove all barriers to trade such as tax –Charging common import taxes on goods –Goods should move freely across borders –Common Agriculture Policy to guarantee food supplies –Allow free movement of people –Have a common system of weights and measures.
Results? Standard of living rose Seen as a successful economic alliance More countries applied to join
Enlargement: from six to 27 countries 1952197319811986 1990 199520042007
EU population in the world Population in millions, 2009 500 1339 128 142 307 EUChinaJapan Russia United States
How rich is the EU compared to the rest of the world? EU ChinaJapanRussiaUnited States 12 508 1 326 3 329 468 9819 EU ChinaJapan Russia United States 25 100 4 400 27 800 12 200 38 700 Size of economy: 2008Wealth per person: 2008
Citizens, freedom, security and justice1% Other, administration 6% Sustainable growth: jobs, competitiveness, regional development 46% The EU as a global player: including development aid 6% Natural resources: agriculture, environment 41% How does the EU spend its money?
Tasks Everybody Finish your map Answer questions 1 – 8, page 128 Answer questions 1 – 7, page 129 Write full answers. Read the “Organisation of the EU” – page 129 -130 Write a brief description under the following sub headings; –The Council of the European Union –Decisions of the council –Voting in the Council of the European Union –Presidency of the Council 29 th September 2011
Why did they want a Treaty? The Treaty will make the European Union: More efficient Simpler processes, full-time president for the Council, etc. More democratic Stronger role for the European Parliament and national parliaments, "Citizens Initiative", Charter of Fundamental Rights, etc. More transparent Clarifies who does what, greater public access to documents and meetings, etc. More united on High Representative for Foreign Policy, etc. the world stage More secureNew possibilities to fight climate change and terrorism, secure energy supplies, etc.