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Lesson Intentions In your organisers write; “An introduction to the European Union.” In your jotter write; “The European Union” 26 th September 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "Lesson Intentions In your organisers write; “An introduction to the European Union.” In your jotter write; “The European Union” 26 th September 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lesson Intentions In your organisers write; “An introduction to the European Union.” In your jotter write; “The European Union” 26 th September 2011

2 The European Union: 500 million people in 27 countries with 23 official languages

3 Founders New ideas for lasting peace and prosperity… Konrad Adenauer Robert Schuman Winston Churchill Alcide De Gasperi Jean Monnet

4 The EU symbols The European flag Europe Day, 9 May The moto: United in diversity European National Anthem. European National Anthem. European National Anthem

5 Tasks Collect 6 different colours. Everyone read pages 127 – 128. You will now use the information on these pages to show the European Unions expansion from 6 countries to 25 countries. Use a different colour for each year. Make a key to record who joined in which year

6 European Union 1957

7 European Union 1973

8 European Union 1981

9 European Union 1986

10 European Union 1995

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12 Lesson Intentions In your organisers write; “Evaluating the importance of The Treaty of Rome” In your jotter write; “The Treaty of Rome” 27 th September 2011

13 Homework – For Monday 3 rd October

14 European Union 2004

15 What do we know already? Europe destroyed after WW2 Many leaders wanted a “New Europe” 6 countries began trading with each other – The Common Market, in 1957 –Belgium –France –Germany –Italy –Luxembourg –Netherlands

16 The Treaty of Rome Agreed to: –Remove all barriers to trade such as tax –Charging common import taxes on goods –Goods should move freely across borders –Common Agriculture Policy to guarantee food supplies –Allow free movement of people –Have a common system of weights and measures.

17 Results? Standard of living rose Seen as a successful economic alliance More countries applied to join

18 Enlargement: from six to 27 countries

19 The big enlargement: healing the division of Europe Fall of Berlin Wall – end of Communism EU economic help begins: Phare programme Criteria set for a country to join the EU: democracy and rule of law functioning market economy ability to implement EU laws Formal negotiations on enlargement begin Copenhagen summit agrees enlargement 10 new EU members: Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia  1989  1992  1998  2002  2004  2007 Bulgaria and Romania join the EU Candidates Croatia, Iceland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Turkey © Reuders

20 EU population in the world Population in millions, EUChinaJapan Russia United States

21 How rich is the EU compared to the rest of the world? EU ChinaJapanRussiaUnited States EU ChinaJapan Russia United States Size of economy: 2008Wealth per person: 2008

22 Citizens, freedom, security and justice1% Other, administration 6% Sustainable growth: jobs, competitiveness, regional development 46% The EU as a global player: including development aid 6% Natural resources: agriculture, environment 41% How does the EU spend its money?

23 Tasks Everybody Finish your map Answer questions 1 – 8, page 128 Answer questions 1 – 7, page 129 Write full answers. Read the “Organisation of the EU” – page Write a brief description under the following sub headings; –The Council of the European Union –Decisions of the council –Voting in the Council of the European Union –Presidency of the Council 29 th September 2011

24 Why did they want a Treaty? The Treaty will make the European Union: More efficient Simpler processes, full-time president for the Council, etc. More democratic Stronger role for the European Parliament and national parliaments, "Citizens Initiative", Charter of Fundamental Rights, etc. More transparent Clarifies who does what, greater public access to documents and meetings, etc. More united on High Representative for Foreign Policy, etc. the world stage More secureNew possibilities to fight climate change and terrorism, secure energy supplies, etc.

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