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Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik GEO Coordination and GEO-relevant projects at the Austrian Meteorological Service Dr. Gerhard Wotawa, MA.

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Presentation on theme: "Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik GEO Coordination and GEO-relevant projects at the Austrian Meteorological Service Dr. Gerhard Wotawa, MA."— Presentation transcript:

1 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik GEO Coordination and GEO-relevant projects at the Austrian Meteorological Service Dr. Gerhard Wotawa, MA Division Data, Methods and Modelling GEO Coordinator, Austria Presented at the EU Side event at the GEO-IX Assembly, 21 November 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil

2 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik Page 2 Outline GEO structures in Austria Responsibilities of the Austrian GEO Secretariat Related projects and activities Phenology Sonnblick Observatory/Histalp Conrad Observatory/Space weather Soil moisture and agricultural modelling Eastern Africa EODC Water

3 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik Page 3 History Austria participated in GEO as observer since the GEO-II Assembly in Geneva (December 2005) 2008: Feasibility study regarding possible Austrian membership in GEO (by ZAMG and Austrian Environmental Protection Agency): GEO considered as a useful process April 2009: Decision to join GEO as member August 2009: Establishment of a GEO Secretariat at ZAMG

4 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik Page 4 GEO Structures in Austria Responsible Ministry: Federal Ministry of Science and Research (BMWF) BMWF has appointed ZAMG to coordinate GEO in Austria GEO Secretariat has been established at ZAMG in August 2009

5 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik Page 5 Responsibilities of GEO Secretariat Participation in the GEO Assembly and the meetings of the European HLWG National Point of contact for persons and institutions interested and/or involved in GEO activities Coordination of the Austrian involvement in specific GEO tasks and Implementation Boards Identification of needs for research and development related to GEO, and channeling these needs to the Federal Ministry Public information related to GEO

6 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik Page 6 Responsibilities of GEO Secretariat (2) Communication with the GEO Secretariat in Geneva Organization of national workshops and information events Analysis of the GEO-relevant data in Austria, and assessment of the data needs Establishment of a GEO Web site in Austria Organizing meetings of the Austrian GEO group (GEO principal, Ministry of Science and Research, GEO coordinator and various partners) twice a year

7 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik Page 7 Inter-ministerial coordination Different ministries in charge of GEO, GMES and INSPIRE Geo-Portal of the Austrian Provinces IMG Weltraumpolitik (Inter-Ministerial Group Space Politics) E-Government PG Umweltinformation (E-Government Project Group for Environmental Data and Information) Existing Coordination Policy area

8 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik Page 8 Public Web Site

9 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik Page 9 GEO Workshop 2012, Vienna BMWF & ZAMG co-organize a GEO Workshop on 10 December 2012 in Vienna Information on GEO process and GEO-IX outcome Information on European initiatives (GMES) Oral and poster sessions – bringing together data providers and users Engagement of private sector: cooperation with Austrian Chamber of Commerce

10 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik Page 10 GEO & GCOS The GEO Secretariat at ZAMG is also involved in the Austrian GCOS process (GCOS Web site, GCOS data survey)

11 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik Page 11 GEO related projects and activities Examples for GEO related activities and projects

12 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik P HENOLOGY IS THE STUDY OF THE TIMING OF RECURRING BIOLOGICAL EVENTS IN THE ANIMAL AND PLANT WORLD E XAMPLES : L EAF UNFOLDING AND FLOWERING OF PLANTS IN SPRING, FRUIT RIPENING, COLOUR CHANGING AND LEAF FALL IN AUTUMN, AS WELL AS THE APPEARANCE AND DEPARTURE OF MIGRATING BIRDS AND THE TIMING OF ANIMAL BREEDING Phenology

13 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik N ECESSARY FOR U NDERSTANDING THE I NTERACTION BETWEEN A TMOSPHERE AND B IOSPHERE I NCREASE THE K NOWLEDGE ABOUT C RITICAL C HANGES IN THE G LOBAL C ARBON B ALANCE A RE C LIMATE C HANGE I NDICATORS W HAT ARE P HENOLOGICAL D ATA GOOD FOR ? Purpose of Phenological data

14 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik CLIMATE CHANGE INDICATOR 2 WEEKS EARLIER FRUIT RIPENING OF ELDER IN THE ALPS SINCE 1970 S y-axes left: summer temperature deviation from the mean y-axes right: entry date right of fruit ripeness of elder (Sambucus nigra) Phenological data shows climate change

15 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik G REEN W AVE IN S PRING Phenology shows Seasonal variability

16 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik Page 16 Sonnblick Observatory Sonnblick, Goldberggruppe, Hohe Tauern, 3106 m The only summit observatory world-wide above 3000 m asl Highest continuously inhabited building of Austria Continuously active for more than 125 years

17 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik Page 17 Measurement of air quality and CO 2 Environmental Protection Agency (UBA) Vienna measures the following parameters at Sonnblick: Air quality: CO, NO y and O 3 Greenhouse gases: CO 2

18 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik Page 18 Aerosol measurements (ZAMG) New Aerosol inlet was installed in September 2011 PM10 monitor (Sharp) was installed in 2012

19 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik Page 19 Sonnblick Observatory 125 YEARS OF CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND TRENDS AT SONNBLICK 125 years of monitoring show: It gets continuously warmer and brighter in the Alps

20 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik Meteorological records over the centuries

21 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik +1° +2° The greater alpine region (GAR) has warmed stronger than the global mean

22 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik Page 22 GEOSAF Using GEO for Early Warning and Food Security in East Africa Investigate the influence of high impact weather (flood, drought) on African agriculture and water management. Improve monitoring and long range forecasting of soil moisture Use of space-borne sensors for monitoring and validation Seasonal, ensemble based weather forecasts and crop modeling Set up an early warning system for local farmers and international organisations

23 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik GEOSAF - Use of satellite data Page 23 Soil moisture data are derived from different space-borne microwave sensors: Advanced Scatterometer (ASCAT) on METOP Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR) on ENVISAT

24 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik EODC Water Page 24 Earth Observation Data Centre for Water Resources Monitoring a cooperation of

25 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik Proposal for an Earth Observation Data Centre Page 25 Following the example of other countries e.g. CEMS in the UK Thematic focus on water resources (instead of an Austrian EODC) Strategic goals Establish Austria as a key player in the operational EO ground segment and service market Strengthen its academic, institutional and commercial organisations by coordinating, focusing, and reinforcing their expertise and capabilities Be a focal point for water-related programmes Overall aims Provide unique EO products for improved monitoring of water resources Operate Collaborative Ground Segment components for the Sentinel satellites Apply service standards as commonly employed by NWP centres Focus on fully automatic and continental to global scale products Establish the logistics and seamless ITC infrastructure system

26 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik Product Portfolio Page 26 Water resources management requires an integrated view of the complete water cycle Potential product portfolio is relatively broad Room for diversification

27 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik CONRAD Observatory Page 27

28 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik Space Weather Page 28

29 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik ZAMG contributions Page 29

30 Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik Page 30 Thank you for your attention! Please visit us in the exhibition area.


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