2Mandatos In Spanish, commands are called “mandatos.” A command is used to tell some what to do or what not to do.Questions and suggestions are not commands.You should not do that!Will you wash the car?You need to study more!Examples of commands:Wash the dishes!Do your homework!Eat your vegetables!Don’t do that!Take a bath!
3Types of Commands Mandatos afirmativos Mandatos negativos Commands include do’s and don’ts.Do’s are called affirmative commandsMandatos afirmativosDon’ts are called negative commandsMandatos negativosCommands also differ depending on who you are talking to:Informal (tú) CommandsFormal (Ud.) CommandsPlural (Uds.) Commands
4Regular Affirmative Tú Commands It’s easy to form affirmative tú commands, those that tell someone to do something.To form an affirmative, informal command, simply take the Él/Ella/Ud. form of the verb in the present tense.For example:Eat the pizza!¡Come la pizza!Wash the dishes!¡Lava los platos!
5You try it! Dance! Walk slowly! ¡Baila! Win! ¡Anda lentamente! Translate the following sentences into Spanish using Affirmative Tú Commands:Dance!Walk slowly!Win!Study for the test.Run!¡Baila!¡Anda lentamente!¡Gana!Estudia para el examen.¡Corre!
6More about Affirmative Tú Commands Remember!To form Regular Affirmative Tú Commands, just take the Él/Ella/Ud. form of the verb in the present tense.But, some verbs are irregular…PonerSerTenerVenirDecirIrSalirHacer
7Irregular Affirmative Tú Commands InfinitiveYo formCommandPonerPongoPonTenerTengoTenDecirDigoDiSalirSalgoSalVenirVengoVen
8More Irregular Affirmative Tú Commands The remaining 3 irregular verbs must be memorized:Hacer HazSer SéIr Ve
9Irregular Affirmative Tú Commands What did you notice about some of the irregular verbs?Hint: Think about their ‘yo’ form in the present tense.Right! Most of them are yo-go verbs!Some irregular affirmative tú commands can be formed by taking the ‘go’ off of the yo form of the present tense verb.
10Princess Di haz séventen very pretty ponies in her salon! Remember!Princess Di haz séventen very pretty ponies in her salon!
11You try it!Let’s practice using irregular affirmative tú commands. Translate the following sentences into Spanish.Go to the office!Do the homework!Put the pencil on the desk.Come to class on time.Tell the truth!¡Ve a la oficina!¡Haz la tarea!Pon el lapiz en el pupitre.Ven a la clase a tiempo.¡Di la verdad!