4Lesson 1: Developing Your Self-Esteem Mental & Emotional Health: The ability to accept yourself and others, express and manage emotions, and deal with the demands and challenges you meet in your life.The Importance of Mental & Emotional Health:Mentally healthy people are, in general, happy and enjoy their livesThey are confident and comfortable spending time alone or with othersThey are flexible and can cope with a wide variety of feelings and situations
5Characteristics of Good Mental/Emotional Health: Sense of Belonging - feeling close to family, friends, teachers, and others that provide support.Sense of Purpose - recognizing you have value.Positive Outlook - seeing the bright side of life.Self-sufficiency - having confidence to make responsible and safe decisions promotes self-assurance and a sense of independence.Healthy self-esteem - helps you accept and recover from difficulties and failures
6Signs of Good Mental/Emotional Health Realistic about strengths and weaknesses.Responsible for personal behavior.Avoid risk behaviors.Open-minded and flexible.Fun-loving and relaxed.Respect needs and the needs of others.Respect peoples values.Develop positive relationships.Express emotions in positive ways.Put talents and abilities to good use.View change as a challenge.
7Self-esteem: how much you value, respect, and feel confident about yourself Having good self-esteem will also affect your overall attitude and the health choices you make.Trying new challenges can raise your sense of competence: having enough skills to do somethingBenefits: helps you feel proud of yourself and your abilities, skills, and accomplishments.
8Developing Self-Awareness Understanding you needs and meeting them in healthy ways will help you reach your highest potentialAbraham Maslow created a theory that explains human development and motivation called Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs – a ranked list of those needs essential to human growth and development, presented in ascending order, starting with basic needs and building toward the need to reach your highest potential
10Lesson 2: Developing Personal Identity & Character Personal Identity is your sense of yourself as a unique individual. Your personal identity describes who you are and is one of the most important tasks you will accomplish during your teen years.
11Your Personal Identity How identity forms:Recognize your likes & dislikesYour talents and abilitiesYour values and beliefsYour goalsRelationships and experiences with family and friendsRole models: Someone whose success or behavior serves as an example for youOne part of your identity is your personality – a complex set of characteristics that makes you unique.
12Importance of Good Character Character plays a significant role in your decisions, actions, and behavior.
13Traits of Good Character TrustworthinessRespectResposibilityFairnessCaringCitizenship
14Working Toward a Healthy Identity Recognize your strengths and weaknessesDemonstrate positive valuesDevelop a purpose in your lifeForm meaningful relationships(Constructive Criticism: non-hostile comments that point out problems and encourage improvement)Contributing to the communityAvoid unhealthful risk behaviors
15Lesson 3: Expressing Emotions in Healthful Ways Recognizing and acknowledging your emotions is a sign of good mental and emotional health.Emotions are signals that tell your mind and body how to react.~ Sometimes referred to as feelings, they are our responses to certain thoughts and events.Hormones: chemicals produced by your glands that regulate the activities of different body cells.Can make you feel as your emotions are swinging from one extreme to another.
16Expressing Emotions in Healthful Ways Recognizing and acknowledging your emotions is a sign of good mental and emotional health.In 2006, over 720,000 people ages were treated in emergency rooms because of a violent act.29% of teens reported feeling sad or hopeless that they stoppeddoing some usual activities.
17Identifying Your Emotions HappinessSadnessLoveEmpathyFearGuiltAnger
18Managing Your Emotions Empathy: the ability to imagine and understand how someone else feelsStrategies for dealing with emotions in a positive way, ask yourself:Why do I feel the way I do about this event?Will the situation matter tomorrow, next week, or next year or later in my life?Why should I wait before responding?What can I do to feel better?Who can I ask to help me deal with my negative feelings? Seek help if negative feelings don’t go away.
19Responding to Difficult Emotions Some people choose to manage difficult emotions by avoiding situations that make the uncomfortable. Defense Mechanisms: mental processes that protect individuals from strong or stressful emotions and situations. ~ May be used unconsciously as a way to protect yourself from intense emotional pain.
20Responding to Difficult Emotions Handling Fear: recognize fear and figure out what is causing itDealing with Guilt: Look at circumstances realistically and honestly – some situations are out of your control.Managing Anger: Figure out what is causing anger. Calm down, deep breathing, or remove yourself from situationDo something to relaxChannel your energy to a different directionTalk with someone you trust
21Self-Esteem and Positive Outlook When you have a healthy identity, you will experience increase self-esteem and a higher level of mental/emotional health