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Tobacco: The Harmful Effects

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1 Tobacco: The Harmful Effects
After the Test: Take the Tobacco Note Packet from the desk. Complete the quick write activity below: Tobacco: The Harmful Effects Quick Write #1: Make a list of as many tobacco products as you can think of. Briefly describe each product. Complete on the back of the note packet.

2 Good Morning! Sit in your seats.
Please take out your Tobacco Notes and a pencil.

3 Facts About Tobacco Health eSpotlight Video Watch the video and complete the questions. Recall the year warning labels were required to be placed on cigarette packaging. Identify the number of people the CDC estimates who currently smoke. 1. A law was passed in 1965 to place warning labels on cigarette packaging. 2. The CDC estimates more than 45 million people are current smokers.


5 Tobacco Products- made from dried processed leaves of tobacco plants
Products that are smoked– What are 3 ways people smoke tobacco? Cigarettes– most common Cigars– usually contains more nicotine than cigarette tobacco Pipes-- usually contains more nicotine than cigarette tobacco

6 Tobacco Products (continued)
Smokeless Tobacco– chewed, placed between the lower lip and teeth or sniffed through the nose Contains many of the same harmful chemicals as tobacco smoke Increases saliva production, so sometimes it is called “spit” or “spit tobacco” Examples: Chewing tobacco (dip or chew)– placed between the cheek and gum Snuff- dry powder placed between lower lip and teeth

7 Facts About Tobacco ELECTRONIC CIGARETTES These products look like regular cigarettes. "E-cigarettes" do not contain tobacco, but they still have nicotine inside. Liquid nicotine is heated, and users inhale the vapor. These "smokeless cigarettes" are sometimes marketed as a way to help smokers quit or as an alternative to regular cigarettes. However, the nicotine in electronic cigarettes has the same harmful addictive effects as that found in regular cigarettes.

8 E-Cigarette http://kidshealth
Battery-powered smoking devices often designed to look and feel like regular cigarettes. Because e-cigarettes do not burn tobacco, people don’t inhale the same amounts of tar and carbon monoxide as a regular cigarette. Still get nicotine and other chemicals Research still working on finding all affects of e-cigarettes

9 Chemicals in Tobacco Products
Nicotine– very addictive chemical in tobacco products; acts as an insecticide to protect tobacco plants from insects Effects of Nicotine Short term– increased heart rate and blood pressure, changes in brain that may lead to addiction One time use- rapid pulse, clammy skin, nausea, dizziness

10 Chemicals in Tobacco Products
Tar– dark, sticky substance that forms when tobacco burns Contains a mixture of chemicals, many of which are called carcinogens or cancer-causing agents Carbon Monoxide– odorless, poisonous gas Binds to red blood cells in place of oxygen; What does that mean for our body?

11 ** You will be handing this in for a grade.**
Good Afternoon! Take out a blank piece of notebook paper, put your name on it and follow the directions below: List 2 future goals. Write 3-5 sentences explaining how a tobacco-related illness could affect each of these goals. ** You will be handing this in for a grade.**

12 Chemicals in Tobacco Products
Other Chemicals Acetone- also known as nail polish remover Cadmium- found in batteries Formaldehyde- embalming fluid Arsenic- found in weed killer Stearic acid- found in candle wax Chemicals in Smokeless Tobacco similar to those in tobacco smoke

13 How Smoking Effects You
Secondhand smoke is very dangerous for children. It causes between 150,000 and 300,000 cases of lower respiratory infections in children every year.

14 Costs to Society Health eSpotlight Video Watch the video and complete the questions. Explain why this company has banned smoking in its facility. Predict the success of a health care program such as the one at this company. Do you think it will be successful? Explain your answer. 1. To keep health care costs low and provide a healthy environment for employees. 2. Answers will vary.


16 Tobacco’s Cost to Society
Good Afternoon! Tobacco’s Cost to Society

17 Costs to Society Tobacco’s Many Costs
Tobacco companies spend more than $34 million each day on marketing to encourage people to use tobacco products. Whether or not they use tobacco, U.S. taxpayers pay billions of dollars each year in federal taxes to treat the many health problems caused by tobacco use.

18 Costs to Society Costs to Smokers
Researches have determined that the average cigarette smoker uses one-and-a-half packs each day. The average price per pack in most states has risen to more than $5. This means the typical smoker spends more than $8 per day on cigarettes. That adds up to $250 over the course of one month, or $3,000 per year. In 10 years’ time, the average smoker in the U.S. will have spent more than $30,000 on cigarettes.

19 Costs to Society Lost productivity. Productivity is how much a person is able to finish in the time he or she works. People who use tobacco: have lower productivity levels on the job. are sick more often than nonsmokers and get less done . Lost productivity costs businesses a lot of money. The nation as a whole pays a large price too. The government estimates that smoking costs the U.S. economy $96 billion per year in lost productivity.

20 Costs to Society Health care costs. People who use tobacco tend to need more medical treatment than those who do not. If tobacco users have health insurance, it may help pay for some of their treatment. However, because health insurance companies face more costs to cover tobacco users, they charge higher rates for their insurance. If a tobacco user has no health insurance, the government helps cover the costs. This means that every U.S. family pays for tobacco use through their taxes.

21 Costs to Society Countering the Costs of Tobacco Use Tobacco Taxes Taxes are now added to each pack of cigarettes sold in the United States and in certain states. Smoke-Free Environments On the state and local government levels, public action groups work to lower the cost to nonsmokers through laws that ban smoking in public spaces. This protects nonsmokers from dangerous secondhand smoke. Tobacco Taxes For example, there is a federal excise tax that adds $1 to the price of each pack of cigarettes. Additional taxes make it more costly to buy tobacco products and give the government more money to educate people about the dangers of tobacco use. Smoke-Free Environments It has become common to find businesses and restaurants where smoking indoors or even outdoors is not allowed. These laws protect the health of all restaurant patrons. Some towns and cities have even made it illegal to smoke in certain outdoor locations, such as beaches, playgrounds, and gardens. The federal government has also passed laws to protect the rights of nonsmokers. Since 1989, it has been illegal to smoke on all airplane flights in the United States.

22 Happy Friday! Please take out your tobacco notes!

23 Costs to Society Labeling Laws and Advertising Limits
Cigarette packages must have clear warning labels, or disclaimers. The disclaimers state clearly that smoking is harmful. Cans and pouches of smokeless tobacco must also display similar disclaimers. Tobacco companies cannot place outdoor ads within 1,000 feet of schools and playgrounds or advertise on television or radio. They cannot make or sell promotional hats, T-shirts, and other items.

24 Secondhand Smoke- combination of mainstream and sidestream smoke
Mainstream smoke– exhaled from the smoker’s lungs Sidestream smoke– smoke that goes directly into the air from the cigarette Has twice as much tar and nicotine as mainstream smoke An estimated 46,000 nonsmokers die each year from heart disease. About 3,000 additional nonsmokers die of lung cancer each year.

25 Tobacco Project See Grade Rubric Due Friday, February 26

When you are finished with your research in the centers today, you will have a completed the “Tobacco Information Worksheet” that I have given you. When you are finished, begin working on your tobacco brochure. Start creating a format and deciding what topics you will address in the brochure.

27 TASK 1: Who is Smoking? Use the following American Cancer Society website to answer the questions 1 and 2 on your worksheet.

28 Health Risks of Tobacco Use
Health eSpotlight Video Watch the video and complete the questions. Describe the changes in the manufacturing of tobacco that may be causing a higher death rate among smokers. Recall the number of Americans who die each year as a result of smoking. 1. Many tobacco manufacturers use a gas-fired drying process that creates carcinogens within the tobacco leaf. 2. An estimated 440,000 Americans die each year.


30 TASK 2: The Effects of Smoking
There are many side effects of smoking. Use the websites below to compile a list of side effects which will answer question 3.

31 Other Affects of Smoking
Respiratory Diseases Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)- disease that results in gradual loss of lung function Chronic Bronchitis– airways are constantly inflamed and there is overproduction of mucus Emphysema– disorder in which alveoli in the lungs can no longer function properly

32 Other Affects of Smoking
Cardiovascular Diseases 2-3 times more likely to have a heart attack than a nonsmoker 2 times more likely to have a stroke 10 times more likely to develop circulation problems in blood vessels

33 Other Affects of Smoking
Cancer Lung Cancer Oral Cancer Leukoplakia– white patches that develop on the tongues or the lining of the mouth Other cancers– esophagus, larynx, stomach, pancreas, kidney, bladder

34 Health Risks of Tobacco Use

35 Short-Term Effects of Tobacco Use
Cravings Breathing and heart rate Taste and appetite Unpleasant feelings Unattractive effects Cravings Nicotine is a very addictive drug, which means it causes the body to want more of it. Breathing and heart rate For a smoker, it becomes harder to breathe during normal physical activity. it is more difficult for a tobacco user to work out for a long period of time. Nicotine also causes the heart to beat faster than normal. Taste and appetite Tobacco use dulls taste buds and reduces appetite. Tobacco users may lose much of their ability to enjoy food. However, when a person quits using tobacco, taste buds will heal. Unpleasant feelings Tobacco users may experience dizziness. Their hands and feet may also feel colder than normal. Unattractive effects Tobacco use causes bad breath, yellowed teeth, and smelly hair, skin, and clothes. It also ages the skin more quickly.

36 Long-Term Effects of Tobacco Use
Bronchitis Emphysema Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) Lung cancer Heart disease Weakened immune system Bronchitis Tobacco smoke can damage the bronchi, or the passages through which air travels to the lungs. Also, a buildup of tar in the lungs can cause a smoker to have fits of uncontrollable coughing. Emphysema This disease can make a person use most of his or her energy just to breathe. Emphysema is a common cause of death for smokers. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) This condition includes chronic bronchitis, asthma, and emphysema. Lung cancer Nearly 90 percent of lung cancer deaths are caused by smoking. Heart disease The nicotine in tobacco greatly increases the risk of heart attack or stroke. Weakened immune system Long-term tobacco use harms the body's defenses against various diseases. Tobacco users are also more likely to get common illnesses such as coughs, colds, and allergies.

37 TASK 3: A Costly Bad Habit
Smoking is a costly habit. Use the website below to answer questions 4 and 5 about how much money smoking can cost a person in one year.

38 TASK 4: Use the website below to come up three reasons to encourage a parent to quit smoking and answer question 6.

39 Task 5: Reasons to Quit Smoking
Go to the link below and use it to answer questions 7 and 8 about the benefits of quitting smoking.

40 Task 6: Methods for Quitting Smoking
Go to the website below and to answer question 9 about quitting smoking.

41 EXTRA CREDIT: “What Kids Say About Tobacco”
If you finish the work at the centers before the period is over, read the article, “What Kids Say About Tobacco”, and write two things that surprised you or that you didn’t know.

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