2 Tobacco Use#1 cause of preventable disease and death in the United StatesGovernment requires that ALL tobacco products carry a warning labelEvery day, teens begin to smokeIT’S ADDICTIVE….but treatable
3 NicotineAddictive drug- a substance that causes physiological and psychological dependence.Nicotine- addictive drug found in tobacco leavesStimulant- a drug that increases the action of the central nervous system, the heart and other organsIncreases blood pressure, increases heart rate, contributes to heart disease and strokeOnce addicted, people need more and more nicotine to satisfy the craving!
4 Cigarette Smoke – A Toxic Mixture Environmental smoke (secondhand smoke) is considered a Group A carcinogen (cancer-causing agent)Mainstream smokeThe smoke exhaled from the lungs of a smokerSidestream smokeThe smoke from the burning end of a cigarette, pipe or cigar (more dangerous b/c of higher concentration of carcinogens, nicotine and tar)
5 Tar A thick, sticky, dark fluid produced when tobacco burns As tar penetrates the respiratory system, it destroys cilia (tiny hair-like structures that line the upper airways and protect against infection)Damages alveoli (air sacs), which absorb oxygen and rid the bodyDestroys lung tissue (making lungs less likely to function)More susceptible to disease
6 Carbon Monoxide Colorless, odorless and poisonous gas Taken up more readily than oxygen so it deprives your body of needed O2Increases risk of high blood pressure, heart disease and hardening of the arteriesContains 43 KNOWN carcinogens
7 Cigars and Pipe Smoking Cigars contain more nicotine and produces more tar and carbon monoxide than cigarettesCan contain as much as a PACK of cigarettesIncreases risk of lip, mouth and throat cancer
8 Smokeless Tobacco NOT SAFE! Sniffed through the nose, held in mouth or chewedDelivers nicotine and carcinogens at 2-3 times the amount as delivered by a single cigaretteCauses leukoplakiaCancers: throat, larynx, esophagus, stomach and pancreas
9 How it affects the body SHORT TERM: Changes in brain chemistry Increased respiration and heart rateDulled taste buds and reduced appetiteBad breath and smelly hair, clothes and skin
10 How it affects the body LONG TERM: Chronic bronchitis Emphysema Lung CancerCoronary heart disease and stroke
11 How it affects the body Nervous System: Respiratory System Addiction Increased risk of strokeRespiratory Systemcoughing, or “smoker’s hack”Increased risk of emphysema, lung cancer and chronic broncitis
12 How it affects the body Digestive System Increased risk of cancers Increased risk of gum recession, tooth decay and tooth lossNausea, vomiting and diarrhea
13 How it affects the body Cardiovascular System Excretory System Increased HR and BPHardened arteries and decreased blood flowIncreased risk of heart attackExcretory SystemIncreased risk of cancer of the bladder and kidneys
15 What Happens When a Smoker Quits Within 20 minutes: blood pressure and pulse rates drop. Body temperature in limbs returns to normal.Within 8 hours: oxygen levels return to normalIn 24 hours: the chance of heart attack begins to decrease
16 In 48 hours: nerve endings begin to regrow In 48 hours: nerve endings begin to regrow. Senses of taste and smell improveIn 3 days: breathing becomes easier as lung capacity increasesWithin 2 weeks-3months: lung function up to 30% betterWithin 1- 9 months: lung cilia grow and coughing, sinus congestion and shortness of breath decrease
17 In one year: the risk of coronary heart disease is cut in half In 5 years: the risk of lung cancer and cancer of mouth, throat and esophagus is reduced by 50%. Stroke risk is also decreasedIn 10 years: the risk of cancer of the bladder, kidney, cervix and pancreas decrease
18 Smoking Aerobics Write any two factors you know about smoking. Write down your two most favorite physical activities.
19 Smoking Aerobics3. Write two feeling words you experienced when doing aerobics while breathing through the straw4. How can smoking affect your two favorite physical activities you wrote down in question two?
20 Group Activity – Anti-Smoking Ad With your group, create a poster that is targeted at teens who wish to purchase tobacco products even though it is against the law.What to include:Catchy slogan (BE CREATIVE!!!!)What’s inside??Harmful effects (Short term and long term)How it affects smokers and nonsmokersBenefits of living tobacco free