Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Present Perfect Tense

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "The Present Perfect Tense"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Present Perfect Tense

2 S + Have/Has + past Participle
Present => some kind of link to the present time Perfect => some link to the past time

3 Recent events => recently, lately, in the last few years
There have been a lot of protests among teachers recently The economic crisis has hit almost everybody lately Technology has transformed learning methods in the last few years

4 2. Indefinite past (recent) => just, already, yet
I have come to repair my car The train has already left. Have you read this book yet? They have just had lunch: they can’t be hungry again! Where have you been? – I’ve been away for some days

5 It hasn’t stopped raining. We can’t go for a picnic!
3. Result It hasn’t stopped raining. We can’t go for a picnic! They have painted their house grey. It looks awful.

6 4. Experiences => in my life, ever, never, before, up to now, up till now, so far
Have you ever been to London? Yes, I’ve been there a few times (When did you go?)

7 5. Period of time including past and present =>today, this week, this month…
She has bought a lot of new clothes this month I have had three cups of coffee this morning You have worked hard today. Let’s have a break.

8 6. Duration of state (be, have, know, opinion, perception, feeling…) => how long, for, since
How long have you been here? We have known each other for a few years They have had that car since last December.

9 Compare… Simple past I met Susan two minutes ago
I went to London last week They got married in 2010 Present Perfect I have just met Susan I have been to London twice They have been married for two years

10 Talking about duration
Duration of state => Present perfect simple I have been here for two hours I have wanted to move to this country all my life. Duration of action => Present Perfect Continuous I have been waiting for two hours NB He hasn’t worked here for a long time, as he retired in 2001.

11 Present Perfect Continuous S + Have/has BEEN +V-ing (Gerund)
Duration of action He’s been talking for hours Result of prolonged recent activity You’re sweating! - I’ve been playing tennis. Long recent actions He’s been playing on the Playstation all afternoon. NB No continuous in negative sentences: I haven’t played tennis for three years.

12 ? Has he been working here for long?
“da molto” + He has been working here for a long time /for long ? Has he been working here for long? - He hasn’t worked here for a long time: he retired in (false duration ) He hasn’t been working here for long: He started three months ago. (False negative)

13 Personal/ Impersonal forms
Aspetto da due ore = I’ve been waiting for two hours Ha la moto nuova da due giorni = He has had a new motorbike for two days Non ci vediamo da tre mesi = We haven’t met for 3 months Sono due ore che aspetto = **** Sono due giorni che ha la moto nuova… = It’s two days since he bought his new motorbike Sono tre mesi che non ci vediamo = It’s three months since we last met

14 Compare… Italian E’ arrivato da dieci minuti E’ morto da due anni
English He arrived ten minutes ago He died two years ago

Download ppt "The Present Perfect Tense"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google