2 GovernmentThe people and groups within a society that have the authority to make laws, to make sure they are carried out, and to settle disagreements about them.
3 Systems of governments answer the question: How do governments distribute power?
4 Unitary Government System The central government holds nearly all of the power.Some unitary governments have elected officials who carry out laws without taking the opinions of localsMonarchies are unitaryExample; Saudi Arabia
5 Confederation Government System Local governments hold all of the power and the central government depends on the local governments for its existence.The central government has only as much power as the local gives it.No countries today that have a confederation.Example: OPECCentralGovernment= direction of power= political unit ie. state
6 = political unit ie. state Federal GovernmentA political system in which power is shared among different levels of governments.Power is divided into national and state governments.Example: IsraelCentralGovernment= direction of power= political unit ie. state
7 Types of Government answer the question: How do citizen’s participate in the government?
8 Autocratic Government One is which the ruler has absolute power to do whatever he wishes and makes and enforces whatever laws he chooses.People have little or no choice.Many different types of autocratic governmentsExample: Saudi Arabia
9 Oligarchy Means “government by the few” A political party or other small group takes over a government and makes all of the major decisions.People have little choice and go along with decisions these leaders make.Examples: Iran and Syria
10 Democratic Government System A great deal of power is in the hands of the people.Goal is to have as much individual freedom as possible.Decisions are often made by majority votes.Example: Israel, Iraq
11 DEMOCRACY Parliamentary Presidential People vote for the political party that they want to represent them.This group is called the ParliamentThe Parliament makes and carries out lawsIn many cases Parliament chooses a leader called the Prime MinisterExample: IsraelPresidentialA President or chief executive is chosen separately from the legislature.The legislature is also chosen. Its job is to pass laws.The president is given specific powers.Insert a map of your country.
12 Parliamentary System Presidential System ExecutiveExecutiveLegislativeSelectElectElectLegislativeElectCitizensCitizens
13 HEREDITARY MONARCHYIn an Absolute Monarchy the king/queen/etc. has total control.There is no constitution and the king rules for life. The people do not choose the king.Example:Saudi ArabiaInsert a picture illustrating a season in your country.
14 THEOCRACY Insert a picture illustrating a custom or tradition here. A theocracy is a government ruled by religious leaders according to religious law.The constitution of Iran is written following the codes of Islam and the law of Iran are Islamic law. It has elected leaders chosen from two main parties both of which are Muslim. Its Chief of State is a religious leader appointed for life.Example: IranInsert a picture illustrating a custom or tradition here.
15 REPUBLICA Republic is a representative democracy. The people FREELY choose leaders who will represent their views in government. Countries in the Middle East, however, use the term loosely. Many countries that claim to be republics are actually dictatorships.Example of true republic: IsraelInsert a picture of one of the geographic features of your country.