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Types of Government. monarchy ruled by a monarch who usually inherits the authority.

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Presentation on theme: "Types of Government. monarchy ruled by a monarch who usually inherits the authority."— Presentation transcript:

1 Types of Government

2 monarchy

3 ruled by a monarch who usually inherits the authority


5 inherited new ruler is related to previous ruler kingdom Example: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

6 republic

7 a government in which the people elect representatives to make the laws


9 people vote lots of citizen participation free elections representative government

10 parliamentary democracy

11 a country whose head of government is the leader of the legislature


13 usually has a prime minister often has ceremonial president people vote lots of citizen participation Example: State of Israel

14 presidential democracy

15 a type of government where the leader is the President and is chosen in a separate election from the legislature


17 executive branch separation of powers between executive and legislative branches national vote for president

18 theocracy

19 a government ruled by a religious leader or leaders


21 faith based holy leader religious state Example: Islamic Republic of Iran (even though they call themselves a Parliamentary Democracy)

22 dictatorship

23 a system of government in which the ruler has absolute power and is not restricted by laws or a constitution


25 authoritarian Saddam Hussein all powerful leader repression undemocratic despot

26 Citizen Participation 3 categories that describe who has the power in a country

27 autocratic

28 government in which one person possesses unlimited power and the citizen has little if any role in the government


30 examples dictatorship monarchy (absolute type) theocracy (usually)

31 democratic

32 a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections


34 examples republic parliamentary democracy (most common) presidential democracy (USA)

35 oligarchic

36 government by the few, sometimes a government in which a small group exercises control especially for corrupt and selfish purposes. The citizen has a very limited role.


38 no examples this unit Oligarchic countries are very rare; eventually one of the leaders will seize power from the others, creating an autocracy.

39 Systems of government are based on one question: How is the power distributed or shared? There are three ways governments distribute power: Unitary Confederation Federal

40 unitary

41 A system of government in which authority is centralized.


43 One central government controls everything Power is not shared between countries, states, or provinces. Examples: Israel, Saudi Arabia, Iran

44 confederation

45 A group of loosely allied states or nations that come together for a common cause.


47 Nations can choose to follow or not to follow the lead of the weak central government. Examples: EU, Confederate States of America

48 federal

49 A form of government in which several states or regions defer some powers to a central government while retaining a limited measure of self- government


51 Power is shared by a powerful central government States or provinces are given considerable self-rule, usually through their own legislature. Examples: United States,

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