Presentation on theme: "Notes on Economy and Government Systems"— Presentation transcript:
1 Notes on Economy and Government Systems Write the title at the top of your paper. This will be A14 in your notebook.
2 Economies of Southwest Asia (the Middle East) SS7E5: The student will analyze different economic systems
3 Draw the Chart. Traditional Command Market Mixed What to produce? How to produce?For whom to produce?ExampleTraditionalCommandMarketMixed
4 Traditional Economy What to produce? Basic necessities of life such as food, shelter, and clothingHow to produce?Farming, building, and sewing for self and others within the tribeUse natural resourcesFor whom to produce?Self, family, and others within the tribe
5 Command Economy 1. What to produce? Needs of the country according to the government2. How to produce?Through government plans for production3. For whom to produce?The governmentUsed for the country and trade
6 Market Economy What to produce? What the consumer wants How to produce?Through industry, farming, mining, etc.For whom to produce?The people of the country and to trade with other countriesSupply and demand drives the country’s economy
7 Types of Trade Barriers DefineExample or picture1. Tarifftax placed on imported goods2. Quotaset number of goods that can be imported from another country3. Embargoesforbid trade with another country4. SanctionAction calculated to force a country to comply with legal responsibility
8 GovernmentsSS7CG4 The student will compare and contrast various forms of government.
9 Fold your paper “hot dog” style to create two columns.
10 Government System Example UnitaryConfederationFederalAutocraticOligarchicDemocratic1. Parliamentary2. Presidential
11 Unitary: all the power is in one central government a. Describe the ways government systems distribute power: unitary, confederation, federalUnitary: all the power is in one central governmentExamples: Saudi Arabia’s monarchy, France, Italy, Japan
12 a. Describe the ways government systems distribute power: unitary, confederation, federal Confederation: a loose alliance of countries or political units; local governments hold all the power and the central government depends on the local governmentsExamples: League of Arab States, Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), British Commonwealth of Nations
13 Examples: Israel, United States, Canada, Mexico a. Describe the ways government systems distribute power: unitary, confederation, federalFederal: power is shared among different levels of government; power is shared between the central government and local governmentsExamples: Israel, United States, Canada, Mexico
14 Examples: Hitler (Germany), Saudi Arabia’s monarchy, Cuba b. Explain how governments determine citizen participation: autocratic, oligarchic, and democraticAutocratic: the ruler has absolute power; one leader holds complete power; citizens have no participation in the governmentExamples: Hitler (Germany), Saudi Arabia’s monarchy, Cuba
15 b. Explain how governments determine citizen participation: autocratic, oligarchic, and democratic Oligarchy: means “government of the few;” control rests with a small group of people with wealth or power; citizen participation is restricted to the ruling groupExamples: Syria’s ruling political party (Ba’ath Party) controls much of the governmentIran- ruled by a small group of religious and political leaders
16 Examples: United States, Israel b. Explain how governments determine citizen participation: autocratic, oligarchic, and democraticDemocratic: the people hold supreme power, citizens choose the leader and/or representatives; all citizens can participateExamples: United States, Israel
17 c. Describe the two predominant forms of democratic governments: parliamentary and presidential There are two main forms of democracy. The main difference between the two is the relationship between the legislative and executive branches
18 c. Describe the two predominant forms of democratic governments: parliamentary and presidential Parliamentary: the legislature controls the power. The legislature makes and carries out lawsThe citizens elect representatives to the legislature. The majority party in the legislature then chooses the leader who is usually known as the Prime MinisterExamples: Israel, Great Britain
19 c. Describe the two predominant forms of democratic governments: parliamentary and presidential Presidential: the executive branch and legislative branches are separate and elected separately by the citizensThe legislature passes the laws and the president sees that the laws are enforced
20 c. Describe the two predominant forms of democratic governments: parliamentary and presidential One main difference between presidential and parliamentary is that the prime minister is a member of the legislature (parliament) while the president is a separate branch of the government
21 1. In this type of government the central government has all the authority and decision-making power.What type of government is this?2. This is a type of government in which the local governments has all the power and the central government has limited power.
22 3. I live in a country where the government’s power is divided between the central government and smaller political units like states.What type of government does my country have?4. I am the leader of a country and I have total control. My citizens do not have any rights and I make all the decisions.What type of government is this?
23 What type of government is being described? 5. In this type of government citizens have the most power. Citizens elect their leaders and can vote on certain government decisions. Decisions are often made by majority votes.What type of government is being described?6. The leader has total control. The ruler has absolute power to do whatever he wishes to do and make and enforce whatever laws he chooses.
24 8. This type of government literally means “government by the few 8. This type of government literally means “government by the few.” The powerful and wealthy rule and make all the major decisions. Citizen participation in this type of government is very limited.What type of government is being described?11. This is one of the main forms of democracy. In this type of democracy the legislative branch and executive branch are separate. The leader is elected directly by the citizens.
25 What type of government is being described? 13. This is another form of democracy. In this type of democracy the legislative branch is not separate from the executive branch. The leader is not directly elected.What type of government is being described?15. This type of government is very uncommon and is mostly seen as loose alliances between countries for some common purposes. Examples of this type of government include the United Nations and Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).
26 18. In this type of economy, the economic decisions are made by the government. What type of economy is this? 19. In this type of economy, what is produced is based on what the consumer wants. This economy is based on supply and demand. 20. The basic necessities of life are produced for the people within the tribe or community in this type of economy.
27 21. The U. S. has major issues with Cuba’s government 21. The U.S. has major issues with Cuba’s government. Because of these issues, the U.S. refuses to trade with Cuba.What type of trade barrier is this?22. The U.S. restricts the amount of foreign cars that can be imported. This is done to protect domestic car makers like Ford and Chevrolet.What type of economic trade barrier is this?23. This is a tax placed on an imported good. The purpose of this tax is to encourage consumers to buy domestic made goods. What type of economic trade barrier is this?