2 AbstinenceNOT participating in sexual activity of any kind – remember, STD’s can still be transmitted through Oral and Anal sex and skin to skin contact.100% Effective against pregnancy100% Effective against STD transmission
3 How Birth Control Methods Work? Hormonal Methods – contain estrogen and/or progesterone.Prevent ovulation (release of egg)May also, thicken mucus around the cervix, making it difficult for sperm to pass throughMay also, change lining of uterus, making it difficult for fertilizedegg to attachAll require a doctor visit and prescriptionSome are costlyNeed to be used correctlyMost are impacted by other medications – such as antibiotics
4 How Birth Control Methods Work? Barrier MethodsWork by creating a physical barrier between sperm and egg cells so that fertilization cannot occur.
5 Hormonal Methods The Pill – taken daily The Ring – must be changed every 3-4 weeksThe Patch – must be changed every 3-4 weeksThe Shot - Injection of Progestin that is given every 3 months by a doctorImplant – surgically implanted into woman’s arm – lasts up to 3 yearsIUD- (Intrauterine Device) doctor inserts into a woman's uterus. Stays in for up to 5 years
6 Male Barrier MethodA male condom is a thin sheath (usually made of latex,a type of rubber) that is worn on the penis.Works by keeping semen from entering the vagina.The male condom is placed on a guy's penis when it becomes erect.Condoms may break, be expired, not used correctly, not used regularlyProvides some protection against STD transmission“safer” sex NOT safe sex-NOT 100%
7 Female Barrier Methods Diaphram- Domed shaped rubber disk. Covers cervix so sperm can’t reach uterus.Vaginal Sponge-A soft saucer-shaped sponge that blocks the cervix and absorbs semen-stays in 6-8 hours after intercourseCervical Cap-Soft rubber cap, fits snugly around the cervix. Used with spermicide. Protects for 48 hours.
8 Emergency Contraception Emergency Contraceptive Pills (ECP),The Morning-After "Pill," (Plan B, Next Choice, Ella)PREVENTS Ovulation OR DELAYS OvulationUsed AFTER intercourseEffective up to 5 days – but MOST effective when taken CLOSEST to intercourse.In WA State – can purchase EC over the counter if over 17. If under 17 need a prescription to purchase.IF FERTILIZATION HAS OCCURED – NOTHING HAPPENS. (EC gets confused with “Abortion Pill” which is a totally different medication)No Protection against STD transmission
9 Withdrawal “pulling out” Withdrawling the penis before ejaculation occurs inside of the vaginaNo Protection against STD transmissionNot recommended as a form of birth control
10 Hormonal Methods vs Barrier Methos .8-10 % failure rate in pregnancy preventionNo Protection against STD transmissionBarrier12-29% failure rate in pregnancy preventionOnly condoms have been proven to reduce the risk of getting some STDs.
11 Consistent Abstinence None Yes "The Patch" 8 out of 100 No "The Pill" Method of Birth ControlHow Many Couples Using This Method Will Get Pregnant in a Year?Can This Method Also Protect Against STDs?Consistent AbstinenceNoneYes"The Patch"8 out of 100No"The Pill""The Ring"“The Shot”3 out of 100IUDFewer than 1 out of 100FemaleCondom21 out of 100Male Condom18 out of 100Diaphragm16 out of 100Emergency Contraception1 to 2 out of 100Spermicide29 out of 100Withdrawal ("Pulling Out")27 out of 100Not Using Any Birth Control85 out of 100
14 Choosing a birth control method How effective is it against pregnancy?Does it provide any STD protection?How easy a particular birth control method is to use?Will you be embarrassed?Are you comfortable with using this method?What are the side effects?How much will it cost costs?
15 A few more facts34% of men and 10% of women have told lies in order to have sex.68% of men and 59% of women have been involved with more than one person that their current partner does not know about.It is estimated that 1 in 3 sexually active young people now have a Sexually Transmitted Infection80% of people who have a STD experience no noticeable signs.