2 Types of Contraception 1. Barrier contraceptives2. Hormonal contraceptives3. SterilizationNote: No single method of birth control is the “best” one. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages. Abstinence is the only 100% effective way to prevent pregnancy and STD’s
3 Barrier Contraceptives Methods that physically or chemically block sperm from reaching an egg AND provide a BARRIER between direct skin to skin contactAct as a physical block between you and your sexual partnerGreat for STD protection!
8 Male Condom:Male condoms are 82 to 98 percent effective at preventing pregnancyCondoms can only be used onceDo not use oil-based lubricants such as massage oils, baby oil, lotions, or petroleum jelly.They will weaken the condom, causing it to tear or break.Water-based are the best – can prevent breaking of condom.Good choices: Latex condoms and polyurethaneBad choices: Never choose “natural” or “lambskin”
11 Female Condom: Female condoms are 79 to 95 percent effective Worn by the woman, this method keeps sperm from getting into her bodyIt can be inserted up to eight hours before sexual intercourse (though not necessary)
13 Dental Dam Small, thin, square pieces of latex Used to keep partners' body fluids out of each other's bodiesCan help to prevent skin-to-skin contactPlaced on the vulva or the anus when the mouth, lips, or tongue are used to sexually arouse a partner.Can also cut a condom open on one side
15 Hormonal Methods NO hormonal methods reduce chances of STD’s! Methods that prevent the release of an egg (ovulation)Prevents a fertilized egg from implanting in the uterus (prevents pregnancy).NO hormonal methods reduce chances of STD’s!
16 Oral Contraceptives Also called “the pill,” Some contain estrogen, progestin, or mix of other hormones depending on pillThe pill is 91 to 99 percent effective at preventing pregnancy.Prescribed by doctorA pill is taken at the same time each day (once a day for three weeks, no pill fourth week -will get menstrual period)
18 Birth Control PatchThis skin patch is worn on the lower abdomen, buttocks, or upper bodyThe patch is 91 to 99 percent effective at preventing pregnancyIt releases hormones progestin and estrogen into the bloodstreamYou put on a new patch once a week for three weeks. During the fourth week, you do not wear a patch, so you can have a menstrual period
20 Vaginal RingThe birth control ring releases the hormones progestin and estrogenIt is 91 to 99 percent effective at preventing pregnancyRing goes inside vagina up around your cervixYou wear the ring for three weeks, take it out for the week you have your period, and then put in a new ringThis method does not protect you from HIV or other STDs.
22 Birth Control ShotEvery 3 months (or 12 weeks), women get shots of the hormone progestin in the buttocks or arm from their doctor.It is 94 to 99 percent effective at preventing pregnancy.It does not protect you from HIV or other STDs
24 Emergency Contraception Also known as the “morning after pill”The pills are 75 to 89 percent effective at preventing pregnancyCan be taken up to 3-5days AFTER unprotected sex (depending on brand)No prescription needed over age of 15Effectiveness decreases after 24 hoursEmergency contraception should only be used after no birth control was used during sex, or if the birth control method failed, such as if a condom broke
27 Intrauterine Device It is placed inside the uterus by a doctor. 99% effective at preventing pregnancyCopper IUD: Can stay for up to 10 yearsInterferes with sperm, fertilization, and prevents implantationHormonal IUD: Can stay for up to 5 yearsIt releases a small amount of hormone each day to keep you from getting pregnant.
29 SterilizationVasectomy: This operation is done to keep a man’s sperm from going to his penis, so his ejaculate never has any sperm in it that can fertilize an egg.Operation is more simple than tying a woman’s tubes
32 Sterilization Tubal ligation or “tying tubes.” A woman can have her fallopian tubes tied (or closed) to stop eggs from being fertilizedOver time, the ends of your fallopian tubes could fuse back together, and it may be possible to get pregnant
35 ReviewIf male puts on a condom the wrong way, he should take it off, and put it on the right way? Yes or no?NO!!! There could still be pre-ejaculatory semen (WITH SPERM) on the outside, now heading to the female….std’s and pregnancy are possible.GET A NEW ONE!!!!
36 ReviewPut the following in order for the best options in reducing your chances of STD’s:A) Male CondomB) Birth Control PillC) Abstinence
37 Review Answer: C) Abstinence A) Male Condom ONLY, because B) Birth Control Pill does NOT protect against STD’s, only pregnancy!
38 Review True or False: A male condom can be used again FALSE: ONLY ONCE- them remove QUICKLY from the female, discard, and put another condom on the penis if he wants to continue to have sex again.
39 ReviewTrue or False:Emergency contraception can be taken up to 5 days after unprotected sex
40 ReviewFALSE!Emergency contraception can only be taken up to 96 hours (or 5 days) after unprotected sex
41 ReviewTrue or False: Birth control, when used CORRECTLY EVERY TIME, is 100% effectiveFALSE: Only ABSTINENCE is 100% effective
42 ReviewTrue or False:Tubal ligation is an easier procedure for females than a vasectomy is for malesFALSE: A vasectomy is a much more simple and safe procedure
43 Review Which of the following is not placed INSIDE of a female: A) Female CondomB) IUDC) Birth Control PatchD) Vaginal Ring