Presentation on theme: "How are Elements, Compounds and Mixtures Similar? Different?"— Presentation transcript:
How are Elements, Compounds and Mixtures Similar? Different?
Note that an element: consists of only one kind of atom cannot be broken down into a simpler type of matter by either physical or chemical means can exist as either atoms or molecules
Did you know? A molecule consists of two or more atoms of the same element.A molecule consists of two or more atoms of the same element.
How do elements bond together? You must first learn why atoms bond together. We use a concept called "Happy Atoms." We figure most atoms want to be happy, just like you. The idea behind Happy Atoms is that atomic shells like to be full. That's it. If you are an atom and you have a shell, you want your shell to be full. Some atoms have too many electrons (one or two extra). These atoms like to give up their electrons. Some atoms are really close to having a full shell. Those atoms go around looking for other atoms who want to give up an electron.
For example, oxygen atoms have 6 electrons in their 2 nd electron field, leaving 2 slots open. One oxygen atom will bond with 2 hydrogen atoms to create water. Now, the oxygen’s outer electron field is full making it stable and HAPPY!
Note that a compound: consists of atoms of two or more different elements bound together,consists of atoms of two or more different elements bound together, can be broken down into a simpler type of matter (elements) by chemical means (but not by physical means),can be broken down into a simpler type of matter (elements) by chemical means (but not by physical means), has properties that are different from its component elements, andhas properties that are different from its component elements, and always contains the same ratio of its component atoms.always contains the same ratio of its component atoms.
Which ones are examples of compounds? Molecules?
Common Compounds Table SaltTable Salt –Sodium and chlorine WaterWater –Hydrogen and oxygen Carbon DioxideCarbon Dioxide –Carbon and oxygen SugarSugar –Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen Baking SodaBaking Soda –Sodium, hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen
Note that a mixture: consists of two or more substances not chemically combined can be separated into its components by physical means often retains many of the properties of its components
Look at a sedimentary rock. It is a mixture. See how you can see the different pieces in the granite.
Can you think of anything else that is a mixture?
Mixtures come in different shapes and sizes. Sometimes they don’t even look like mixtures. One type of mixture that can fool the eye is called a solution. An example of a solution is Kool-Aid. Solution: mixture that appears to be a single substance but is composed of particles of 2 or more substances that are evenly distributed.
There are 2 parts to a solution: 1.S olute: substance that is dissolved 2.S olvent: substance in which the solute is dissolved
Which one is the solute? Solvent? Solute Solvent
Concentration: measure of the amount of solute dissolved in a solvent Look at the Look at the picture of the marbles. What color has the highest concentration?
More Mixtures… Suspension: mixture in which particles of a material are dispersed throughout a liquid or gas but are large enough to settle out.Suspension: mixture in which particles of a material are dispersed throughout a liquid or gas but are large enough to settle out.
More Mixtures… Colloid: mixture in which the particles are dispersed throughout but are not heavy enough to settle out.Colloid: mixture in which the particles are dispersed throughout but are not heavy enough to settle out.