Presentation on theme: "Elements, Compounds & Mixtures. Elements An element is a pure substance (only 1 type of particle) that cannot be separated into simpler substances by."— Presentation transcript:
Compounds A compound is a pure substance composed of 2 or more elements that are chemically combined.
Examples of Compounds Sodium (Na) + Chlorine (Cl) NaCl Hydrogen (H) + Oxygen (O) H 2 O Carbon (C) + Oxygen (O) CO 2 Compounds contain elements The elements combine + lose their original properties Compounds CAN be separated by chemical means The elements combine in specific ratios Compounds contain elements The elements combine + lose their original properties Compounds CAN be separated by chemical means The elements combine in specific ratios
Mixtures A mixture is a combination of 2 or more substances that are not chemically combined.
Examples of Mixtures chicken noodle soup pizza – yes, that would be Yoda… salad Properties of Mixtures: Each substance in a mixture keeps its identity You can physically separate them They also contain elements, compounds, or both And they can be formed using any ratio of components
Mixtures may be homogeneous or heterogeneous The prefix “homo” indicates the same Homogeneous mixtures have the same appearance and properties throughout the mixture The prefix “hetero” indicates difference Heterogeneous mixtures consist of visibly different substances
Types of Mixtures There are THREE types of mixtures: – Solutions – Suspensions – Colloids
Solutions A solution is a mixture that appears to be a single substance, but it is actually composed of 2 or more substances that are distributed evenly amongst each other. – SOLUTIONS ARE HOMOGENEOUS carbon dioxide is dissolved in water sugar & Kool-Aid powder are dissolved in water salt is dissolved in water
Suspensions A suspension is a mixture in which particles of a material are dispersed throughout a liquid or gas, but are large enough that they settle out. – SUSPENSIONS ARE HETEROGENEOUS That water is disgusting! Italian dressingmuddy water
Colloids A colloid is a mixture in which the particles are dispersed throughout but are not heavy enough to settle out. – COLLOIDS ARE HOMOGENEOUS milkmayonnaise Colloids have properties of both solutions & suspensions.
Comparing Elements, Compounds & Mixtures ElementsCompoundsMixtures What are they made up of? Can they be broken down? If yes, how? Do they keep or lose their original properties? Draw what the particles look like.
Identify the following with as many terms as apply 1.Table salt 2.Salad 3.Mayonnaise 4.Italian dressing 5.Pepsi 6.Oxygen 7.Hydrogen 8.Water Mixture Element Compound Suspension Colloid Solution Homogeneous Heterogeneous