Presentation on theme: "III. Louis Tries to Escape June 1791- Louis and his family tried to escape to the Austrian Netherlands. However, he is caught and this further enrages."— Presentation transcript:
III. Louis Tries to Escape June 1791- Louis and his family tried to escape to the Austrian Netherlands. However, he is caught and this further enrages the revolutionaries
CHAPTER 12 Section 1:The Roots of Revolution Section 2:The French Revolution Section 3:The French Republic Section 4: The Napoléonic Era Section 5: A Return to Peace The French Revolution and Napoléon
I.Limited Monarchy September 1791- new Constitution is written. France is now a constitutional monarchy! Legislative Assembly is created which has the power to pass laws and declare war (weak gov’t would not last a year). Louis XVI is still king but had no power.
II. Factions Split France Radicals (sit on the left)- oppose monarchy Moderates (sit in center)- desire some changes Conservatives (sit on the right)- desire very few changes
II. Factions outside of the Legislative Assembly Émigrés- nobles who fled France and hope to restore the monarchy Sans-culottes (those without knee britches) are workers from Paris who wanted extreme change
III. France at War France declares war on Austria and Prussia (now known as Germany and Poland) France is victorious but a New Government takes over! National Convention - abolishes the monarchy, declares France a republic, and all adult males can vote (universal male suffrage).
IV. Jacobins (radical sans- culottes) Take Control George Danton Jean-Paul Marat
Louis XVI found guilty of treason and sentenced to the guillotine July 21, 1793
V. War Continues Britain, Holland, and Spain join the war against France. France needs soldiers and institutes a military draft of all men between 18 and 40
The Terror Grips France Robespierre Assumes Control
Maximilien Robespierre Committee of Public Safety - to protect the Revolution from enemies Reign of Terror (1793-1794)Reign of Terror (1793-1794) 40,000 people executed 85% were low or middle class Liberty, Equality, Fraternity
End of the Terror July 28, 1794 Robespierre sent to the guillotine Another new government is formed …. Directory - led by moderate upper middle class. 2 house legislature