Presentation on theme: "ISLAMIC EXPANSION. Abu Bakr unified a Muslim state. Muslims set rules for non- Muslims in lands they conquered. – no new places of worship – could not."— Presentation transcript:
Abu Bakr unified a Muslim state. Muslims set rules for non- Muslims in lands they conquered. – no new places of worship – could not dress like Arabs – could not convert new believers – practiced tolerance ABU BAKR (The first caliph)
Traders took goods and Islamic beliefs to India, Africa, and Southeast Asia. Islam grew in these trading cities along side the traditional faiths of that area. Trade brought new items to Arabia. Arabs learned how to use gunpowder and make paper. Cotton, rice, and oranges were introduced.
Ottoman Empire Turkish Muslims called Ottomans conquered land from eastern Europe to north Africa. Janissaries were key to taking so much land. Mehmed, II took Constantinople in 1453. Constantinople was renamed Istanbul. End of Byzantine Empire. Suleyman, I (the magnificent), 1520-1566, expanded the Ottoman Empire into the eastern Mediterranean.
Mughal Empire East of Safavid empire in northern India. Mughals were Turkish Muslims from Central Asia. Akbar – emperor in mid 1550’s conquered many lands strengthened government religious tolerance