2 What is the Apgar score?What do the Apgar scores mean? The one-minute Apgar scoreThis helps your practitioner decide whether your baby needs immediate medical help. If your baby scores between 7 and 10, it usually means he's in good shape and doesn't need more than routine post-delivery careOne minute — and again five minutes — after your baby is born, doctors calculate his Apgar score to see how he's doing.It's a simple process that helps determine whether your newborn is ready to meet the world without additional medical assistance.
4 How Does the Doctor Score a Baby? Activity (muscle tone) 0 — Limp; no movement 1 — Some flexion of arms and legs 2 — Active motion Pulse (heart rate) 0 — No heart rate 1 — Fewer than 100 beats per minute 2 — At least 100 beats per minute Grimace (reflex response) 0 — No response to airways being suctioned 1 — Grimace during suctioning 2 — Grimace and pull away, cough, or sneeze during suctioning Appearance (color) 0 — The baby's whole body is completely bluish-gray or pale 1 — Good color in body with bluish hands or feet 2 — Good color all over Respiration (breathing) 0 — Not breathing 1 — Weak cry; may sound like whimpering, slow or irregular breathing 2 — Good, strong cry; normal rate and effort of breathingIt's easy to remember what's being tested by thinking of the letters in the name "Apgar":ActivityPulseGrimaceAppearanceRespiration
5 Process of BondingBonding is the forming of lifelong emotional ties between parents and newborn.Bonding can be strengthened by:Placing the baby in the mother’s arms or on her stomachHaving parents stroke and talk to the babyHaving the baby nurse within minutes of birth
6 What is Colostrum?Right after birth, the mother’s breasts secrete a fluid called colostrum.It is easy for the newborn to digest and is rich in antibodies to protect against disease.
7 Rooming-inRooming-in involves having the baby stay in the same room with the mother, rather than in a central nursery in the hospital.Rooming-in helps the bonding process and lets parents get to know he baby and learn proper care.
9 Feeling Blue?“Baby Blues” are feelings of disappointment, loneliness, or resentment that sometimes occur after the birth.Moms need to talk over their feelings with someone sympathetic, take some time away from the baby, and take good physical care of herself.
10 Premature NewbornsA baby is considered premature if it is born before 8 ½ months or weighs less than 5 ½ lbs. (2.5 kg).Some problems premature newborns face include immature digestive, breathing and heat regulation systems. They are also prone to infections.
11 IncubatorsA special type of crib called an incubator, provides premature babies with a controlled environment.Oxygen supply temperature and humidity can all be controlled.
12 Infant Reflexes Reflexes are instinctive, automatic responses. The purpose of reflexes are they help the baby’s body function.There are a number of reflexes that we can see in a newborn.
13 Infant ReflexesStartle or 'Moro' If a loud noise occurs or the baby’s stomach is touched-Throws out her legs and arms and arches her back if her head suddenly drops backwardsRootingIf something touches the baby’s lips or cheeks- Turns her head towards your finger, or nipple, stroked across her cheek
14 Infant ReflexesStepping Makes walking movements when held upright with her feet touching a flat surfaceGrasp Reflex / Palmar Closes her fist around anything which touches her palmIf something is pressed into the baby’s palm, the fingers will curl and hold tight
15 Infant Reflexes Blink Blinks when you clap your hands near her face Diving Closes the tract to her lungs, keeps mouth and eyes open and makes swimming movements with arms and legs when submerged in water
16 Infant Reflexes Sucking Sucks you finger or nipple rhythmically Tracking Follows moving objects with her eyes
17 Newborn NeedsFood- feed the baby immediately when hungry. Babies need feeding during the night for the sake of nutrition, comfort and the closeness they get by being with you.Sleep- let the baby sleep as needed throughout the day. Your newborn baby will sleep through most noise and activity, though a sudden noise might wake her. A baby who seems very sleepy a lot of the time and who doesn't wake to feed may be ill, so don't assume a baby like this is 'being good'
18 Newborn Needs Warmth- dress for conditions Exercise- let the baby kick while being diapered and splash and wiggle during he bath!Cleanliness- bath and diaper the baby regularly
19 Newborn Needs Safety- Watch the baby when awake Medical care – provide periodic checkups in the first yearPlay –Provide things to look at, touch, listen to & play with. Babies do not register soft colors for a year at least. So a good choice is to get baby toys and infant toys which have high contrast colors. Red, black and white are the best colors for stimulating very young babies.
20 Newborn NeedsLove- Provide close contact with baby and show that love is felt!