2 BondingThe process of forming an attachment, or feeling of close connection, between parent and child.Can occur in the first hours, days, weeks, months of life together.
3 Postnatal Care Postnatal means after the birth Apgar Scale: medical checkup to detect any problems that require immediate medical attentionRates an infants physical conditionReceive a score of 0,1,or 2 for various signsScores recorded at one minute and five minutes of lifeScore of 7 or more means good conditionScore 4-6 may need some assistance like oxygen or suctioningLess than 4 may require emergency life-saving measures
4 Postnatal Care Cont…Routine Newborn Care: medicated drops are put into the eyes to prevent possible infections; Vitamin K and Hepatitis B shots are given; baby is weighed, measured and washed; identification bands are placed on the baby; footprints are recordedNeonatal Intensive Care: for babies who are born premature (before 37 weeks) or who are born low-birth weight (5.5 lbs. or less) may receive medical care in the NICU, they may be placed in an incubator, given oxygen, receive constant monitoring.Babies born premature or low-birth weight have an increased risk of long-term health problems and disabilities.
5 Postnatal Care Cont…Postnatal Care of the mother: mother is monitored including blood pressure, pulse, and breathing rateMother may have chills and be very thirsty and hungryUsually taken to a recovery room and given something to eat and drink.
6 The Hospital StayRooming-In: the baby is cared for in the mother’s room rather than the nursery; allows the baby and mother to spend more time together; helps mother learn how to care for her baby;Full rooming in: baby stays all day and all nightPartial rooming in: baby stays with mother most of the time and is taken periodically to the nursery
7 The Hospital StayBreastfeeding: nurses or lactation consultants can help get the mother started. Mother produces colostrum, a yellow fluid rich in nutrients and antibodies that protect the infant from infectionCircumcision: the male infant undergoes a surgical procedure where the foreskin of the penis is removedUsually done on the second day after birthSome do it as a religious riteSome believe there are health advantagesOnly parents can decide if this is to be done
8 The Hospital Stay Birth Certificate: essential for proving: Legal age- prove ageCitizenship- necessary to obtain a passportRelationships- used to establish family relationships