Presentation on theme: "MARYLAND 1632 - the land is given to Sir George Calvert from King Charles I He envisions a colony where Catholics can practice their religion freely."— Presentation transcript:
MARYLAND 1632 - the land is given to Sir George Calvert from King Charles I He envisions a colony where Catholics can practice their religion freely Calvert dies, leaving his son, Lord Baltimore, to settle the colony Land grants are given to attract settlers 1649 – Act of Toleration is passed to provide religious freedom to all Christians.
THE CAROLINAS The northern section is mostly comprised of poor tobacco farmers from Virginia. Further south, 8 English nobles receive a land grant from King Charles II in 1663. They settle in Charleston. Rice and Indigo become valuable cash crops Planters import slaves from Africa to cultivate these crops. 1712 – the colony splits between North Carolina and South Carolina.
Georgia 1732 – James Ogelthorpe establishes the colony as a safe haven for debtors. First settlement is Savannah. Originally, slavery was forbidden, and farms could be no larger than 500 acres. Plantations and slave labor are later allowed, allowing the colony to prosper. England hoped that Georgia would serve as a buffer between the Carolinas and Florida.
Tidewater Plantations Rich farmland located along rivers and creeks of the coastal plain. VA, MD, NC: major tobacco growing areas. SC, GA: rice and indigo. Slaves do most of the work on these plantations. Only a small percentage of white southerners owned large plantations, yet these planters set the Southern style of life.
The Backcountry South Rolling hills and thick forests located at the base of the Appalachian Mts. More democratic, people are seen as equals. Tend small fields of corn or tobacco Close knit families who work together to husk corn or build barns.
The Growth of Slavery By 1700, Southern plantations rely on slave labor. Some are skilled workers, such as carpenters or blacksmiths. Some work in the Great House as cooks or servants. Slave Codes – laws passed to regulate slave behavior and deny them their rights Viewed as property, not human beings. Planters viewed the black Africans as being inferior to the white Europeans. This belief that one race is superior to another is called racism.