Presentation on theme: "10/27/10 Discuss the differences between Penn’s “Holy Experiment” and Puritan’s “City on the Hill”. Provide three examples."— Presentation transcript:
1 10/27/10Discuss the differences between Penn’s “Holy Experiment” and Puritan’s “City on the Hill”.Provide three examples
2 U.S. History Chapter 3 Section 4 The Southern ColoniesU.S. HistoryChapter 3 Section 4
3 Focus QuestionWhat factors influenced the development of the Southern Colonies?To answer this, you will:Learn about the geography of the Southern ColoniesLearn about the different ways of life in the Tidewater and the backcountryLearn about the early history of VirginiaDiscover how Maryland, the Carolinas, and Georgia were founded
5 Colonial America Which color represents the Middle Colonies?
6 Geography of the Southern Colonies Geography: 2 different regions emergeCoastal PlainsTidewater region was a flat lowland that includes many swampy areasOffered rich farmlandWarmer weather = longer growing seasonsMajor tobacco-growing areasRaised rice & indigoThis led to an economy dominated by plantationsSlaves were brought to do the workInlandSettled along rivers for transportation & crop growingThe Backcountry was very isolated and cut offUsually lived on isolated farmsSouthern life settled around the plantations
8 The Mason-Dixon Line Boundary between Pennsylvania & Delaware Divided the Middle Colonies from the Southern ColoniesAfter the American Revolution, it became the line between northern states where slavery was abolished and southern states where it persisted
9 Virginia Grows (1607)Settlers came to try and get rich off growing tobaccoDue to disease & violence, the Native American population shrankConflicts with Native AmericansFighting over landNew settlers pushed further into Indian landGovernor did not intervene and left disputes up to settlersReason is because he benefited for his fur trade with NativesSettlers took action into their own hands
10 Bacon’s Rebellion (1676)Nathaniel Bacon led 1,000 frontier settlers in attacks on Native AmericansRaided Indian villagesGovernor declared Bacon and his men rebelsIn retaliation, Bacon burned down capital of JamestownEnded when Bacon became ill and diedGovernor hanged 23 of Bacon’s menDid not stop settlers from moving onto Native American land
12 Maryland (1632) Sir George Calvert was granted land by King Charles I Built the colony of MarylandCalvert’s son, Lord Baltimore, took over after his deathGave colonists a role in governmentGranted land to people who brought servants, women, and childrenWomen had the opportunity to set up plantationsColony was also built on religious tolerationAct of Toleration (1649)Provided religious freedom for all ChristiansJews were not included
13 Colonies in the Carolinas Settlement took place in two areas/partsNorthpoor tobacco farmersDeveloped slowly because lack of harbors and rivers for shipsSouthLived on small farms and produced tobacco & lumberGrew quickly8 English nobles set up colony of CharlestonPerfect conditions to grow rice & sugarSwampy lowlandsBecame valuable crops traded globallyUtilized slave labor1712: divided into North & South Carolina
14 Georgia (1732) Last of England’s 13 colonies Founded by James OglethorpeWanted it to be a new start for people jailed in England for debtOffered to pay debtors, or people who owe money, to come to GeorgiaSavannah was the 1st settlementSet up strict rulesBanned slavery until 1750s
16 The Southern ColoniesColonySettlementLeaderDateReasonGeorgiaSavannahJames Oglethrope1733Place for people who were not wanted in England-Protection from Spain and FranceNorth CarolinaAlbemarleGroup of businessmen1653TradeSouth CarolinaCharleston1670VirginiaJamestownJohn Smith1607MarylandSt. Mary'sLord Baltimore1634Religious freedom
17 Extended ResponseWould you have rather lived in the New England, Middle, or Southern Colonies?Use support to explain your answerCome up with at least five reasonsGIVE PROOF & EXPLAIN REASONING!!!!!!!!!