The Mason-Dixon Line -Boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland. -It also divided the Middle Colonies from the Southern Colonies. -South of the Mason-Dixon Line, The Southern Colonies developed a way of life different in many ways from other English Colonies
1632- King Charles I grants Lord Baltimore George Calvert colony of Maryland. First Governor of Maryland. Calvert- Roman Catholic Plans to build a colony where Catholics could practice their religion freely. Maryland
George Calvert dies his son takes control of the colony Lord Baltimore Gave colonists a role in government by creating an elected assembly. Gave generous land grants to anyone who brought over servants, women and children. Growing Tobacco
Arrived in Maryland in 1638 with nine male servants. Help set up two plantations of about 1,000 acres. First Woman to Own Property in 13 Colonies Help prevent a rebellion by selling off Lord Calvert's estate: denied access to general assembly. Margaret Brent
Lord Baltimore wanted Maryland to continue to grow. We Know it was established as colony so Catholics could practice religion freely. Man or Woman could acquire land estates as long as they bring indentured servants, women or children. Welcomed Protestants as well as Catholics to the Colony. Religious Tolerance
Baltimore fears the Protestants might try to deprive Catholics of their right to worship Freely. Passes the Act of Toleration- law provided religious freedom for all Christians.
Tidewater Aristocrats: Wealthy plantation owners, lived in the “Tidewater region of Chesapeake bay, costal Plaines”. Control first elected assembly “ House of Burgess” Representative government that made laws for the colony. Bacon’s Rebellion
Indentured Servants- Worked for the Tidewater Aristocrats Signed contracts to work without wages for a period of time/ Paid for their ocean passage to the new world. Once freed: move inland on Native land. Disputes over land with natives. Natives attack European villages and towns.
Nathaniel Bacon- Wealthy plantation owner. Distraught over Native Attacks Seeks out Virginia’s Governor for help Governor refuses because of trade ties with Natives over fur. Hard to distinguish between Friendly and Unfriendly Natives. Nathaniel Bacon and rebels burn down parts of Jamestown Governor hangs 23 of Bacon’s Followers.
Leads to decline on reliance of Indentured Servants. Fear that indentured servants will rebel. What will replace indentured servants in the southern colonies? Incorporation of African Slave Labor. Should Nathaniel Bacon be remembered as a hero?
1663 a group of eight English nobles received a grant for King Charles II Northern part: mostly poor tobacco farmers who had drifted south from Virginia. In 1712 became known as North Carolina. The Carolinas
Eight English nobles set up a large colony farther south. Colony became known as South Carolina is 1719. Both North and South Carolina became profitable after the introduction of the Slave Trade Rice and Indigo. South Carolina
James Oglethrope: founder of Georgia.(1732) Wanted a colony where DEBTORS could make a fresh new start. Debtors: people who owed money they could not pay back. Under English Law: Government could jail someone until they paid back their debt. Originally only allowed small farms and slavery was forbidden. Georgia