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  What colonies Make Up the Southern Colonies?  Why were they founded  Who founded them.

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Presentation on theme: "  What colonies Make Up the Southern Colonies?  Why were they founded  Who founded them."— Presentation transcript:


2   What colonies Make Up the Southern Colonies?  Why were they founded  Who founded them


4  How did they divide the Colonies?

5 The Mason-Dixon Line -Boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland. -It also divided the Middle Colonies from the Southern Colonies. -South of the Mason-Dixon Line, The Southern Colonies developed a way of life different in many ways from other English Colonies

6   1632- King Charles I grants Lord Baltimore George Calvert colony of Maryland. First Governor of Maryland.  Calvert- Roman Catholic  Plans to build a colony where Catholics could practice their religion freely. Maryland

7   George Calvert dies his son takes control of the colony  Lord Baltimore  Gave colonists a role in government by creating an elected assembly.  Gave generous land grants to anyone who brought over servants, women and children.  Growing Tobacco

8   Arrived in Maryland in 1638 with nine male servants.  Help set up two plantations of about 1,000 acres.  First Woman to Own Property in 13 Colonies  Help prevent a rebellion by selling off Lord Calvert's estate: denied access to general assembly. Margaret Brent



11   Lord Baltimore wanted Maryland to continue to grow.  We Know it was established as colony so Catholics could practice religion freely.  Man or Woman could acquire land estates as long as they bring indentured servants, women or children.  Welcomed Protestants as well as Catholics to the Colony. Religious Tolerance

12   Baltimore fears the Protestants might try to deprive Catholics of their right to worship Freely.  Passes the Act of Toleration- law provided religious freedom for all Christians.

13   Tidewater Aristocrats:  Wealthy plantation owners, lived in the “Tidewater region of Chesapeake bay, costal Plaines”.  Control first elected assembly “ House of Burgess”  Representative government that made laws for the colony.  Bacon’s Rebellion



16   Indentured Servants-  Worked for the Tidewater Aristocrats  Signed contracts to work without wages for a period of time/ Paid for their ocean passage to the new world.  Once freed: move inland on Native land.  Disputes over land with natives.  Natives attack European villages and towns.

17   Nathaniel Bacon-  Wealthy plantation owner.  Distraught over Native Attacks  Seeks out Virginia’s Governor for help  Governor refuses because of trade ties with Natives over fur.  Hard to distinguish between Friendly and Unfriendly Natives.  Nathaniel Bacon and rebels burn down parts of Jamestown  Governor hangs 23 of Bacon’s Followers.


19   Leads to decline on reliance of Indentured Servants.  Fear that indentured servants will rebel.  What will replace indentured servants in the southern colonies?  Incorporation of African Slave Labor.  Should Nathaniel Bacon be remembered as a hero?

20   1663 a group of eight English nobles received a grant for King Charles II  Northern part: mostly poor tobacco farmers who had drifted south from Virginia.  In 1712 became known as North Carolina. The Carolinas

21   Eight English nobles set up a large colony farther south.  Colony became known as South Carolina is 1719.  Both North and South Carolina became profitable after the introduction of the Slave Trade  Rice and Indigo.  South Carolina

22   James Oglethrope: founder of Georgia.(1732)  Wanted a colony where DEBTORS could make a fresh new start.  Debtors: people who owed money they could not pay back.  Under English Law: Government could jail someone until they paid back their debt.  Originally only allowed small farms and slavery was forbidden. Georgia

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