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Race and Ethnicity Topics

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1 Race and Ethnicity Topics

2 Racial-Ethnic Makeup of the United States

3 U.S. Racial-Ethnic Groups
Figure 12.5 on page 331 What do you see about the racial-ethnic makeup of the U.S. from this figure? Do the numbers surprise you at all? How do you see the numbers changing in the next twenty years?

4 Distribution of Dominant and Minority Groups
View figure 12.6 on page 333 Why do you think Hawaii, California, and New Mexico have the highest percentage of minority groups? Why do you think Main, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Iowa have the lowest percentage of minority groups?

5 The Immigration Debate

6 The Immigration Debate
“Remember, remember always, that all of us, and you and I especially, are descended from immigrants and revolutionists.” - Franklin Roosevelt

7 The Immigration Debate
"Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, The wretched refuse of your teeming shore. Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me, I lift my lamp beside the golden door!” - Emma Lazarus, 1883

8 The Immigration Debate
More than 1 million immigrants have come to the United States in the past 20 years. Today, more than 34 million immigrants live in the United States.

9 Legal Immigration Process

10 Legal Immigration Process
Often takes years to complete Can be costly with legal fees piling up Have to pass a naturalization test Practice test on the Wiki

11 Immigration How will continued immigration affect the racial-ethnic makeup of the United States? Read box on pg. 345 Using conflict theory, what groups are likely to be threatened by this change? Using symbolic theory, consider how groups might perceive one another differently as their proportions of the population change. How will this affect people’s behavior? Using functional theory, how will different parts of society benefit from these changes? What functions or dysfunctions can you anticipate for politics, economics, education, or religion?

12 Affirmative Action

13 Affirmative Action Initiated by President Kennedy in 1961
Goals based on race and gender are used in hiring, promotion, and college admission. Controversy Some say it’s a way to level the playing field Some say putting race ahead of ability is reverse discrimination

14 Affirmative Action Legal Challenges
In 1996, California voters approved Proposition 209, which banned preferences to minorities and women in hiring practices, promotions, and college admissions. In 2003, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that college universities can give minorities an edge in admissions, but there must be a meaningful review of individual applicants. President Obama on Affirmative Action

15 Multicultural Society

16 Toward a True Multicultural Society
Minority groups will participate successfully in the nation’s social institutions while maintaining cultural integrity

17 Racial Identity

18 Race and Language: Self-Labels
Read box on page 46 On a piece of paper, write down answers to the “For Your Consideration” questions

19 Racial Identity Reflection
See the Wiki for your reflection assignment guidelines

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