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Published byBryce Kory Watson
Modified over 5 years ago
Lets Carb Up!!!
Carbohydrates - Composition Made of… (Hint: look at the name) – Carbon – Hydrogen – Oxygen
Carbohydrates - 3 Types Monosaccharides – These are the monomer units – Means 1 sugar or simple sugar – Ring Shaped molecules – Provide quick energy for cells C 6 H 12 O 6
Monosaccharide examples Glucose Fructose Galactose
Isomers Isomers-have the same molecular formula, but different structural formulas Glucose, Galactose and Fructose all have the same molecular formula…what is it? – C 6 H 12 O 6
Carbohydrates – 3 types Disaccharides – 2 monosaccharides linked together – Dehydration synthesis Predict the molecular formula for a disaccharide. – C 12 H 22 O 11
Disaccharides - examples Sucrose – Glucose and fructose Maltose – 2 glucose Lactose – Glucose and galactose
Carbohydrates – 3 Types Polysaccharides – Many monosaccharides linked together – Dehydration Synthesis Polymers
Carbohydrates - Uses Used by cells to store and release energy Used to make cell structures
Structural Carbs Polysaccharides-built from the monomer glucose Cellulose – Structural – Chain-link fence – Plants Chitin – Structural – Animals
Energy Storage Simple Sugars – Quick release E – Mono and di’s Polysaccharides Starch – Long term E storage – Straight chain – plants Glycogen – Long term E storage – Branched chain – animals
Which of the following represents a monosaccharide? 1. 2. 3. 4.
What elements are present in carbohydrates? (Answer all that apply) 1.C 2.H 3.N 4.O 5.P 6.S
How does a simple sugar become a polysaccharide? 1.Adding water 2.Removing water
What is the name of the process that would break down a polysaccharide? 1.Wittingase 2.Dehydration synthesis 3.Hydrolysis 1234567891011121314151617181920 21222324252627282930
The molecular formula for Glucose is which of the following? 1.C 6 H 12 O 6 2.C 12 H 22 O 11 3.C 6 H 10 O 5 4.C 12 H 12 O 6
CARBOHYDRATE REVIEW. A carbohydrate is: A. An organic compound B. A Biomolecule C. An Inorganic compound D. Ionic compound E. Both a and B.
Organic Compounds & Carbohydrates. Organic Molecules All contain at least one carbon atom Carbon forms four covalent bonds Likes to bond with hydrogen,
1. What is the difference between organic and inorganic molecules?
compounds that contain carbon are called______________ Organic.
Biologically Important Molecules. There are four biologically important groups of molecules found in living organisms. They are: Carbohydrate.
Carbohydrates Lab 6. Carbohydrates Carbohydrates are compounds of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O). Usually found 1C:2H:1O. Usually grouped as.
All organisms are made of four types of carbon-based molecules: 1. Carbohydrates 2. Lipids 3. Proteins 4. Nucleic Acids The molecules have different.
Carbohydrates Pg Objective: I can identify and classify several different types of carbohydrates based on their molecular structures.
But what’s so special about Carbon? Carbon has 4 valence electrons Can readily form and break bonds Forms long chains Can form single, double, and triple.
MACROMOLECULES. Four Types of Macromolecules 1. Carbohydrates 2. Lipids 3. Proteins 4. Nucleic Acids.
Quick energy!!. What elements are carbs composed of? 1. Carbon (C) 2. Hydrogen (H) 3. Oxygen(O) In a ratio of – C : H : O 1 : 2 : 1 Example: Glucose C.
Carbohydrates Give me a “C”, Give me an “H”, Give me an “N”, Give me an “O”, Give me a “P”, Give me an “S”, What does it spell??? CHNOPS!!!! *That was.
ACTIVITY #7: CARBOHYDRATES. Carbohydrates Monosaccharides Dimer Sucrose Lactose Disaccharides Simple sugars Polysaccharides Cellulose.
Macromolecules 4 major classes of macromolecules: carbohydrates lipids proteins nucleic acids.
DuBois Biology Department Mr. Scott Vocabulary Review Biochemistry Quiz II.
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