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compounds that contain carbon are called______________ Organic
Carbon forms______ covalent bonds to become stable Four
What chemical process must take place in order to make a disaccharide? Dehydration Synthesis
What is the function of carbohydrates? Compounds used for storage and release of energy
______________ is the simplest carbon compound (CH 4 ) Methane
Any molecule made ONLY of hydrogen and carbon atoms is a ______________________ Hydrocarbon
compounds that have the same formula but different structures are called ___________________ Isomers
extremely large compounds made of smaller ones are called __________________. macromolecules
large molecule formed when many smaller molecules bond together, usually in long chains is called a _______________________________ Polymer
What is the monomer of carbohydrates? monosaccharide
The removal of –H and –OH (water)from the individual molecules so that a bond may form between them and result in a more complex molecule is called ___________ Dehydration synthesis
What process allows the digestive system to breakdown nutrients? Hydrolysis
compounds that DO NOT contain carbon are ________________ Inorganic
What is the ratio of oxygen to hydrogen atoms in all carbohydrates? Ratio is 1 Oxygen atom : 2 Hydrogen atoms
What process allows body cells to make large compounds from building blocks? Dehydration Synthesis
WHAT DO ATHLETES EAT THE DAY BEFORE A BIG GAME? WHY? Carbs. Because carbs. store and release energy
What atoms make up all carbohydrates? C,H,O
Breaking glycogen down into glucoses, is what type of reaction? Hydrolysis
List 2 types of Carbohydrates. Monosaccharides Disaccharides Polysaccharides
What is the alcohol group? -OH
What is cellulose’s function? provides structure in plant cell walls
List two examples of monosaccharides. Glucose Fructose Galactose
What is the chemical formula for all monosaccharides? C 6 H 12 O 6
Double sugar made of 2 simple sugars is called a ____________ disaccharide
Lactose is commonly called what? Milk Sugar
The following, Monosaccharide + Monosaccharide---> Disaccharide + water is an example of what process? Dehydration synthesis
What is the carboxyl group? -COOH
What is starch’s function? Plant’s energy storage
Sucrose is commonly called what? Table sugar
The breaking of a large compound (polymer) into smaller compounds (building blocks) through the addition of -H and –OH (water). Hydrolysis
More than 2 monosaccharides joined by dehydration synthesis are called __________ Polysaccharides
List two examples of polysaccharides. Starch Glycogen Cellulose
What is glycogen’s function? Animals energy storage
List two examples of disaccharides Lactose Maltose Sucrose
What is the amino group? -NH 2
What is the chemical formula for all disaccharides? C 12 H 22 O 11
What is the formula for a polysaccharide made up of 5 glucoses? C 30 H 52 O 26
What substance is the repeating unit that makes up starch, cellulose, and glycogen? Monosaccharide
Carbohydrat Biochemistry AULANNI’AM BIOCHEMISTRY LABORATORY BRAWIJAYA UNIVERSITY.
THE MACROMOLECULES OF LIFE Macromolecules are polymers (many units) ; molecules built from one or a few kinds smaller molecules called monomers. POLYMERS.
CARBOHYDRATE REVIEW. A carbohydrate is: A. An organic compound B. A Biomolecule C. An Inorganic compound D. Ionic compound E. Both a and B.
Organic Compounds & Carbohydrates. Organic Molecules All contain at least one carbon atom Carbon forms four covalent bonds Likes to bond with hydrogen,
___________ is a substance that reduces the activity of an enzyme by entering the active site in place of the substrate whose structure it mimics. Competitive.
1. What is the difference between organic and inorganic molecules?
compounds that contain carbon are called______________ Organic.
Biologically Important Molecules. There are four biologically important groups of molecules found in living organisms. They are: Carbohydrate.
Carbohydrates Lab 6. Carbohydrates Carbohydrates are compounds of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O). Usually found 1C:2H:1O. Usually grouped as.
Lets Carb Up!!!. Carbohydrates - Composition Made of… (Hint: look at the name) – Carbon – Hydrogen – Oxygen.
But what’s so special about Carbon? Carbon has 4 valence electrons Can readily form and break bonds Forms long chains Can form single, double, and triple.
MACROMOLECULES. Four Types of Macromolecules 1. Carbohydrates 2. Lipids 3. Proteins 4. Nucleic Acids.
Macromolecules The Four Molecules of Life I. Role of carbon A. Carbon is part of all major macromolecules B. Organic means that it contains carbon C.
ACTIVITY #7: CARBOHYDRATES. Carbohydrates Monosaccharides Dimer Sucrose Lactose Disaccharides Simple sugars Polysaccharides Cellulose.
DuBois Biology Department Mr. Scott Vocabulary Review Biochemistry Quiz II.
Dehydration Synthesis – linking of monomers together to form a polymer
2.3 Carbon compounds. Compounds can be classified into two categories. 1.Inorganic Compounds – Compounds with NO Carbon element in it. 2. Organic Compounds.
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