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compounds that contain carbon are called______________ Organic.

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Presentation on theme: "compounds that contain carbon are called______________ Organic."— Presentation transcript:


2 compounds that contain carbon are called______________ Organic

3 Carbon forms______ covalent bonds to become stable Four

4 What chemical process must take place in order to make a disaccharide? Dehydration Synthesis

5 What is the function of carbohydrates? Compounds used for storage and release of energy

6 ______________ is the simplest carbon compound (CH 4 ) Methane

7 Any molecule made ONLY of hydrogen and carbon atoms is a ______________________ Hydrocarbon

8 compounds that have the same formula but different structures are called ___________________ Isomers

9 extremely large compounds made of smaller ones are called __________________. macromolecules

10 large molecule formed when many smaller molecules bond together, usually in long chains is called a _______________________________ Polymer

11 What is the monomer of carbohydrates? monosaccharide

12 The removal of –H and –OH (water)from the individual molecules so that a bond may form between them and result in a more complex molecule is called ___________ Dehydration synthesis

13 What process allows the digestive system to breakdown nutrients? Hydrolysis

14 compounds that DO NOT contain carbon are ________________ Inorganic

15 What is the ratio of oxygen to hydrogen atoms in all carbohydrates? Ratio is 1 Oxygen atom : 2 Hydrogen atoms

16 What process allows body cells to make large compounds from building blocks? Dehydration Synthesis

17 WHAT DO ATHLETES EAT THE DAY BEFORE A BIG GAME? WHY? Carbs. Because carbs. store and release energy

18 What atoms make up all carbohydrates? C,H,O

19 Breaking glycogen down into glucoses, is what type of reaction? Hydrolysis

20 List 2 types of Carbohydrates. Monosaccharides Disaccharides Polysaccharides

21 What is the alcohol group? -OH

22 What is cellulose’s function? provides structure in plant cell walls

23 List two examples of monosaccharides. Glucose Fructose Galactose

24 What is the chemical formula for all monosaccharides? C 6 H 12 O 6

25 Double sugar made of 2 simple sugars is called a ____________ disaccharide

26 Lactose is commonly called what? Milk Sugar

27 The following, Monosaccharide + Monosaccharide---> Disaccharide + water is an example of what process? Dehydration synthesis

28 What is the carboxyl group? -COOH

29 What is starch’s function? Plant’s energy storage

30 Sucrose is commonly called what? Table sugar

31 The breaking of a large compound (polymer) into smaller compounds (building blocks) through the addition of -H and –OH (water). Hydrolysis

32 More than 2 monosaccharides joined by dehydration synthesis are called __________ Polysaccharides

33 List two examples of polysaccharides. Starch Glycogen Cellulose

34 What is glycogen’s function? Animals energy storage

35 List two examples of disaccharides Lactose Maltose Sucrose

36 What is the amino group? -NH 2

37 What is the chemical formula for all disaccharides? C 12 H 22 O 11

38 What is the formula for a polysaccharide made up of 5 glucoses? C 30 H 52 O 26

39 What substance is the repeating unit that makes up starch, cellulose, and glycogen? Monosaccharide

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