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Carbon’s Unique CharacteristicsHow many valence electrons does carbon have? How many other atoms can each carbon atom covalently bond with?
Monomers & Polymers Monomer: Small molecules used as a sub-unit of polymers Polymer: Large molecules of 3-millions of monomers of the same or different kinds
Condensation ReactionEnzymes split an OH from one molecule & an H atom from another & a covalent bond forms.
Hydrolysis A cleavage reaction where enzymes split molecules at specific groups, then attach one OH group and an H atom from a water molecule.
Five Sense BiochemistryCrave thy Carbohydrates
What is the PURPOSE of carbohydrates in our diet?Energy Structure Energy Transport Energy Storage
Carbohydrate ChemistryMain Elements: Carbon, hydrogen & oxygen The Standard Ratio is 1:2:1 or (CH2O)n
Class of Carbohydrate: MonosaccharideSimple carbohydrates Single carbon ring (monomer) Examples: Glucose, galactose, fructose, ribose, & deoxyribose
Class of Carbohydrate: OligosaccharideA short chain of covalently bonded monosaccharides. Often used as transport sugars Examples: Sucrose, lactose & maltose
Class of Carbohydrate: PolysaccharideComplex carbohydrates, straight or branched chains of MANY sugar monomers.
Polysaccharides Cellulose: Structural component in plant cells
Starch: Energy storage molecule in plantsPolysaccharide Starch: Energy storage molecule in plants
Polysaccharide— Glycogen:Sugar storage molecule in animals (muscles & liver)
Chitin: External skeleton component ofPolysaccharide Chitin: External skeleton component of many animals
Carbohydrates Properties Controlled by Structure
Carbohydrat Biochemistry AULANNI’AM BIOCHEMISTRY LABORATORY BRAWIJAYA UNIVERSITY.
THE MACROMOLECULES OF LIFE Macromolecules are polymers (many units) ; molecules built from one or a few kinds smaller molecules called monomers. POLYMERS.
ORGANIC COMPOUNDS Molecules formed from different combinations of carbon and hydrogen atoms May also contain atoms of one or more of the following:
Biological Molecules Carbohydrates. III. Carbohydrates include sugars, starches, and cellulose A. carbohydrates contain only the elements carbon, hydrogen,
CARBOHYDRATE REVIEW. A carbohydrate is: A. An organic compound B. A Biomolecule C. An Inorganic compound D. Ionic compound E. Both a and B.
Pp A carbon atom has 4 electrons available for bonding in its outer energy level. To become stable, a carbon atom forms 4 covalent bonds.
compounds that contain carbon are called______________ Organic.
Organic Molecules. Organic Compounds Contain C and H Often form long chains of carbon atoms linked by covalent bonds Macromolecules = large organic.
Organic Molecules Carbon = building block of organic molecules Carbon is unique – Unstable: 2 nd level not full – Will bond up to four times
Carbohydrates Lab 6. Carbohydrates Carbohydrates are compounds of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O). Usually found 1C:2H:1O. Usually grouped as.
All organisms are made of four types of carbon-based molecules: 1. Carbohydrates 2. Lipids 3. Proteins 4. Nucleic Acids The molecules have different.
Key words for this topic – how many do you know already? amino acidglucose monosaccharide disaccharide fatty acidglycerol hydrolysis condensation glycosidic.
SBI4U - Biochemistry Macromolecules 1 Carbohydrates.
The Molecules of Life Day 1 - Carbohydrates. MOLECULES OF LIFE organic molecules –Are molecules containing carbon –Macromolecules (“large molecules) made.
Lets Carb Up!!!. Carbohydrates - Composition Made of… (Hint: look at the name) – Carbon – Hydrogen – Oxygen.
But what’s so special about Carbon? Carbon has 4 valence electrons Can readily form and break bonds Forms long chains Can form single, double, and triple.
MACROMOLECULES. Four Types of Macromolecules 1. Carbohydrates 2. Lipids 3. Proteins 4. Nucleic Acids.
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