Executive Branch Article 2 1.Title of Chief Executive- President, Chief law enforcement 2.Length of President’s term- 4 years 3.Term for President – 2 terms; no one who has held the office for more than 2 years can be elected more than once; 8 years maximum (Franklin Roosevelt served 4 terms) 4.Election of President – Electoral College (IL 21 electors). The state legislature decides how they choose
Executive Branch Article 2 5.Number of votes a state has for President and Vice President- same as the total members in Congress for that state. The least number a state can have is 3. California has the most electors. 6.There are 538 total electoral votes -270 votes needed to become President. 435 House 100 Senate + 3 Washington D.C. 538 Total
Executive Branch Article 2 7.If a candidate does not get enough Electoral Votes, the House of Representatives selects (votes) and the President if there is a ties. They vote from the top three candidates. 8.Executive Branch- enforces or carries out the laws 9.Election Day- The Tuesday after the first Monday in November every 4 years.
Executive Branch Article 2 10. Qualifications to be President 1. Natural Born citizen 2. 35 years old 3. Live in the U.S. for 14 years 11. The job of the Vice President is to take over duties of the president when necessary. Also, keeps position as President of the Senate. 12. If the President leaves office for any reason, the Vice President becomes President and then appoints a new Vice President.
Executive Branch Article 2 13. Oath of office- states that the President will carry out the duties and uphold the Constitution 14. Successors of the President- Vice President, Speaker of the House, President Pro Temp of Senate, Secretary of State, Cabinet Members (one cabinet member always hidden away for meetings)
Executive Branch Article 2 SECTION 2 1.Military and Civil Powers of the President- Commander in Chief of the armed forces. His civil powers include granting reprieves and pardons. 2.Treaty powers of the President- works out all treaties- but the Senate must approve it 3.The Senate must approve all treaties with a 2/3 vote 4.Reprieve- Delay of Punishment Pardon- Excused offense- without penalty
Executive Branch Article 2 5.Appointment powers of the President -Appoint foreign ambassadors, fills all vacancies- judges (supreme court), appoints cabinets -The Senate needs to approve these appointments 6.Six other powers of the President 1.Carry out laws- can suggest laws 2.Call meeting of Congress 3.Close meetings of Congress 4.Make new departments 5.Appoint Ambassadors 6.Make budget for United States
Executive Branch Article 2 7.Penalty if a President, Vice President, or Federal Judge is found guilty of impeachment charges by the Senate- must leave office and may never hold government office again 8.Cabinet- Presidential Advisors, appointed heads of Executive Department 9.There are 15 Cabinet Departments…
Executive Branch Article 2 1.Department of Agriculture 2.Department of Commerce 3.Department Defense 4.Department Education 5.Department Energy 6.Department Health and Human Services 7.Department Interior 8.Department Justice 9.Department Labor 10.Department of State 11.Department Transportation 12.Department Treasury 13.Department Housing and Urban Service 14.Department Veterans Affairs 15.Department Security
Executive Branch Article 2 10. Statements about the President a.Length of term is 4 years. b.Must be a natural born U.S. citizen. c.Must be at least 35 years old. d.Must have been a resident of the U.S. for 14 years. 11.President can do everything on list except- Can veto amendments to the Constitution Can declare laws unconstitutional
Executive Branch Article 2 12. The President can succeed him/herself in office by running for a second term, but only succeed one time 13. President of the United States- Barack Obama Vice President- Joe Biden 14. Inauguration Day- January 20 th