Presentation on theme: "Section 5.1 Families Today Objectives"— Presentation transcript:
1 Section 5.1 Families Today Objectives Explain why healthy family relationships are important.Identify three main factors that have changed the form of families.Describe some family forms that exist today.Summarize the division of responsibilities within a family.
2 Health Stats How have the number of households with a married couple and their children changed over time?What might have caused the trend you identified?
3 The Family and Social Health The family is often called the “basic unit of society.”If the relationships with family members are healthy, a child learns to love, respect, and get along with others, and to function as part of a group.Lasting relationships must be based on mutual caring, trust, and support.
4 The Changing FamilyThree main factors account for changes in the American familymore women in the work forcea high divorce ratean increase in the age at which people marry
5 More Women in the Work Force More than half of all mothers with preschool children are in the work force.When parents work outside the home, families spend less time together.The parents have to trust other people to care for their children.
6 High Divorce Rate A divorce is a legal agreement to end a marriage. Since 1990, the divorce rate has gradually decreased.Divorce affects a family’s structure, finances, and health—emotional and physical.
7 Postponing MarriageToday many young people delay marriage and parenthood until later in life.Most women have two children, and a growing number have none.
8 Family FormsFamilies reflect the diverse circumstances, needs, values, and cultures of the people in them.Children can live in nuclear, single-parent, extended, blended, or foster families.
9 Nuclear FamilyA nuclear family consists of a couple and their child or children living together in one household.Adoption is the legal process by which parents take another person’s child into their family to be raised as their own.
10 Single-Parent FamilyA single-parent family is a family in which only one parent lives with the child or children.Mothers head about 90 percent of single-parent families.Financial worries are often a major problem in single-parent families.
11 Extended FamilyAn extended family is a group of close relatives living together or near each other.In extended families, family responsibilities are shared among all members.
12 Blended FamilyA blended family consists of a biological parent, a stepparent, and the children of one or both parents.At least seven million children under the age of 18 live in blended families.Successful blended families say that it is important to be flexible.
13 Foster FamilyIn a foster family, an adult or couple cares for children whose biological parents are unable to care for them.The foster family provides a temporary home for the children.
14 Other Families A married couple without any children A group of unrelated people who choose to live together and support and care for one another
16 Responsibilities Within the Family For a family to function effectively, each member of the family must do his or her part.Often there are some responsibilities that clearly belong to the adults, some that clearly belong to the children, and some that can be shared.
17 Adults’ Responsibilities The heads of families are expected to provide for their children’s basic needs.foodclothingsheltereducationhealth caresecurityloveAdult family members are responsible for teaching children to behave in a way that is acceptable to the family and to society.This process is called socialization.Adult family members set rules to protect their children’s safety and to maintain order within the family.
18 Children’s Responsibilities As a young child, you may have been responsible for dressing yourself, tidying up your room, and doing your homework.Today, you may have to do household chores, care for your younger brothers or sisters, or add to the family income.You are also responsible for following family rules and for showing respect for all family members.
19 Shared Responsibilities Many families divide up the responsibilities.There are benefits to sharing household chores.Children who are trusted with important tasks develop a sense of responsibility and higher self-esteem.
21 Vocabulary divorce A legal agreement to end a marriage. nuclear family A couple and their child or children living together in one household.adoptionThe legal process by which parents takeanother person’s child into their family to be raised as their own.single-parent familyA family in which only one parent lives with the child or children.extended familyA group of close relatives living together or near each other.
22 Vocabulary blended family Consists of a biological parent, a stepparent, and the children of one or both parents.foster familyA family in which an adult or a couple cares for children whose biological parents are unable to care for them.socializationThe process by which children are taught to behave in a way that is acceptable to family and society.