4 1) Deciding to Settle:Wealthy businessmen and devout Protestants led by Sir Walter RaleighAmerican colonies would help with England’s problems:Growing populationSend poor people to work in AmericaPoverty from a stagnant economyGold, Silver, and raising plantation crops
5 2) Roanoke Colony:The group obtained a charter (a certificate of permission) from the kingFormed a joint-stock company (a group of investors who share the company’s profits and loses)Twice tried to colonize Roanoke island.Poor soilFirst group returns homeSecond group vanishes
6 3) The Virginia Company: The English’s second attemptChoose the Chesapeake BayMany good riversGood harborsFertile land
7 4) Jamestown: A) The colonists founded Jamestown (1607): Swamps defended the town from attackBut also contained mosquitoes with malariaMany colonists died from sicknessOr were too weak to farm the land, and died of hungerBetween , 10,000 people moved to JamestownIn 1622 only 2,000 remained alive
10 4) Jamestown: B) Chief Powhatan: About 24,000 Indians were under the rule of the powerful Chief PowhatanTried to contain the Jamestown colonists rather than attack themPowhatan traded with the colonists for metal weapons.
12 4) Jamestown: C) War: In 1609 war broke out In 1613 the colonists captured Pocahontas, Chief Powhatan’s favorite daughterPocahontas converted to Christianity and married John RolfePowhatan reluctantly makes peaceWhen Powhatan dies in 1618, his brother Opechancanough takes overHates the colonists
14 4) Jamestown: D) Tobacco: Colonists were allowed to own the land as private propertyWorked harderNeed a cash crop to sell in EnglandJohn Rolfe taught them how to grow tobaccoSoon the colony became the leading supplier to EuropeWith the promise of wealth and land Virginia began to grow
16 4) Jamestown: E) The House of Burgesses: In 1619, T.H.B. became the first representative body in colonial AmericaT.H.B. could make laws and raise taxesLandowners over 17 could voteIn 1624 the English Government took over Virginia and made it a royal colonyRoyal colonies belonged to the CrownProprietary colonies belonged to powerful individuals or companies.
18 4) Jamestown: F) Survival: Tobacco The promise of land Slavery becomes legal in 1660The Virginia Company allows women to goIn 1624 the English Government (King James I) took over Virginia and made it a royal colony
19 Quiz Time:What challenges did the Jamestown colonists have to overcome to survive?
20 5) Bacon’s Rebellion:As more settlers arrived colonists had to move inland to farm (1675)Led by Nathaniel Bacon the settlers moved west and slaughtered IndiansThe governor of Virginia, William Berkeley, forbade the colonists from moving westBacon and his men marched to Jamestown, Berkeley ran away and they burned the cityBacon died suddenly and the rebellion stops
23 1) Maryland:1632: Charles I established a second royal colony, MarylandKing Charles gave the colony to Lord BaltimoreMade it a safe haven for CatholicsMore Protestant outnumbered the Catholics and armed conflicts broke out.
24 2) The Carolinas:1670: Charles Town and the colony of Carolina were establishedTo honor Charles IIWas run by a group of wealthy aristocrats called the Lord ProprietorProprietary colony = ruled by powerful people1691: splits into North and South Carolina1729: the colonists rejected rule by the Lord Proprietors and became a royal colony again
25 3) Georgia:1732: Began as a proprietary colony led by James OglethorpeTo protect South Carolina against Spanish FloridaAs a new start for people in debt in EnglandOglethorpe set strict rulesNo drinking, no slavesColonists had to own their own land, so they couldn’t have large plantationsColonists complainedIn 1752 Georgia became a royal colony