Lexington and Concord 1. Colonists stored weapons in Lexington and Concord.2. General Gage sent 700 soldiers to seize the weapons and arrest Sam Adams and John Hancock 3. Paul Revere, William Dawes, Dr. Samuel Prescott, and Israel Bissel ride to warn that the British are coming. 4. Minutemen were waiting for the British and the first shots were fired. 5. “By the rude bridge that arched the flood, Their flag to April's breeze but I heard it Here once the embattled farmers stood And fired the shot heard round the world.” – Ralph Waldo Emerson
► June 17, 1775 ► “Don’t Fire Till You See the Whites of Their Eyes” ► Drove Back the British Twice, Before Running Out of Bullets ► More than 1,000 British Soldiers Wounded or Killed ► 441 Colonist Wounded or Killed ► Proved We Could and Would Fight!
Patriot - supports the rebellion Loyalist – against the rebellion (sides with the king) Neutral – does not take a side Other people who influenced the war Women Native Americans Africans Local Militias
What did the Second Continental Congress do in 1775 and 1776? The Declaration of Independence Page 166
Are we strong enough to win? What must we do to win? Who will lead us into victory? Can we survive?
May 1775 – The 2 nd Continental Congress meets in Philadelphia – “What to do now that a battle has been fought?” Important Representatives – Ben Franklin, John Hancock, John Adams, Sam Adams, George Washington, and Patrick Henry 703941 54 4440
Olive Branch Petition Formed a Colonial Army Who to lead the army? Artemas Ward Charles Lee George Washington John Hancock Congress needs money to support the Army! Who to “get it” from? Congress decides to print own money!
Common Sense – Thomas Paine June 7, 1776 – Richard Henry Lee of Virginia asks Congress to vote on becoming independent Decided to wait 1 month and write a declaration so all would know why we were wanting our independence Members to write declaration – Franklin, Adams, Livingston, Sherman, and Jefferson (who was only 33!) Takes 17 days to write the declaration – Jefferson is the main writer
Written in 4 parts: 1.Why a declaration was needed 2.Ideas about how a government should work for the people 3.Complaint’s that the colonist have about King George and Parliament 4.Conclusion – because of these things, we are no longer part of Great Britain Idea of declaration approved on July 2, 1776 The official document is approved on July 4, 1776 Written in 4 parts: 1.Why a declaration was needed 2.Ideas about how a government should work for the people 3.Complaint’s that the colonist have about King George and Parliament 4.Conclusion – because of these things, we are no longer part of Great Britain Idea of declaration approved on July 2, 1776 The official document is approved on July 4, 1776
Franklin in France Asks for help Eager to see the colonies win and weaken their enemy – the British Could the colonist win? Battle of Saratoga – movie at 21-24:15 min. Shows the French that we could win France sends guns, ships, and soldiers
Let’s Review the Declaration of Independence What was the purpose of the Declaration of Independence? It declared the colonies’ independence from Great Britain. What was the importance of the Olive Branch Petition? It asked the king to repeal his governing policies for the colonies, but he refused to read it and sent more troops. Most delegates at the Second Continental Congress agreed that independence was their only choice. Page 168