2 The War Begins Fort Sumner: Charleston, South Carolina Major Robert Anderson (North Leader) was in charge of the fortLincoln had to decide what to do with the federal fortLincoln decided supply ships to the fortConfederacy attacked the ships until Anderson was forced to surrender. No one was killed.
3 Border States Missouri, Kentucky, West Virginia, Maryland, Delaware. What are they Important to either side?
4 Strengths of the North Union had advantages in manpower and resources. Larger Population in the North then the SouthHad more railroads and factories tooLincoln was their greatest asset. United the North into believing they should preserve the Union.
5 Strengths of the SouthWhile the North had Lincoln, the South had Robert E. Lee as a generalFought from the defensive stand pointNorthern supply lines would have to travel farther.
6 North Strategy Wanted to bring the South back into the Union. General Winfield Scott came up with the Anaconda Plan.The plan was to smother the south’s economy like a giant anaconda.Formed a blockade along the Southern coast to block goods.
7 Southern Strategy Southern states were on the defensive. Jefferson Davis wanted the South to be Independent and hoped the North would tire out and surrender.Depended on King Cotton to win support from foreign countries.Hoped other countries would help them because they knew how important cotton was.Eventually went onto the offensive, instead of the defensive.
8 Battle of Bull RunJuly 21, 1861The Union Army attack on the Confederate Capital of Richmond, Virginia.North General: General Irvin McDowellSouth Generals: General Pierre Beauregard and General Thomas “Stonewall” JacksonOutcome: South defeated the North. Lincoln had underestimated the South.
9 16.2 Life in the Army Who Fought: Between the age of 18 to 30 Majority were farmersMade mostly of Americans with different regiments of immigrants.African Americans wanted to fight but were not allowed to at first.
10 Training Soldiers Camped in tents Formed companies and elected leaders Given guns and uniforms.Ran drills for training
11 Hardships of the ArmyNot enough shoes or uniforms for all the soldiersUnsanitary campsPoor hygiene for the troopsPoor hygiene leads to disease for soldiers
12 Today’s Objectives Discuss Major Battles of the Early Civil War Identify important people during the War.
13 New WeaponsIron clad warships: Ships covered with iron to protect them from cannon balls.Union: MonitorConfederate: Merimcack or VirginiaRifle: gave bullets the ability to spin and travel farther.Minie Ball: Bullet with a hollow base. Could travel farther then muskets.
15 Note Quiz Who was the President of the Confederacy? Who won the Battle of Bull Run?Name the North Ironclad shipName the South Ironclad shipWho was in charge of Fort Sumter?
16 16.3 Union Victories Union Victories: Lead by General Ulysses S. Grant Fort Henry in TennesseeFort Donelson, North of HenryGives the North a direct River route to AlabamaThe two river fort victories leads to the Battle of Shiloh
17 The Battle of Shiloh April 6th, 1862 Battle took place in the south of TennesseeUnion Leader: GrantConfederate Leader: Albert S. Johnston (killed in battle)Fierce battle that would end up being won by the North. Heavy rain lead to a flood.North Casualties: 13,000South Casualties: 11,000
18 Fall of New Orleans Spring of 1862 Union leader: David Farragut lead the Union ships through cannon fire and burning raftsThe goal of taking New Orleans was to cut the Confederacy in half.
19 Southern VictoriesRobert E. Lee commanded the Eastern Confederate army against George McClellan of the North.The two fought in the Seven Days’ Battles near RichmondLee defeat McClellan and forced him to retreat.Lee fought the Union in the second Battle of Bull RunLee moved in up into the North
20 The Battle of AntietamLee made his way into Maryland, a northern territory.McClellan found Lee’s plans for his campaign.McClellan and Lee fought at Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, Maryland.A combined 25,000 troops were killed or injured.McClellan did not follow Lee to finish him off. Lincoln fired him for this decision.