Presentation on theme: "A Review of the Human Body"— Presentation transcript:
1 A Review of the Human Body Medical TerminologyA Review of the Human Body
2 The Anatomical Position - erect standing position - feet slightly separated - arms hanging relaxed at the sides - palms of hands facing forward
3 Anatomical PlanesFRONTAL (or coronal) separates the body into Anterior and Posterior partsMIDSAGITTAL (or median sagittal) separates body into equal Right and Left partsTRANSVERSE separates the body into Superior and Inferior partsSAGITTAL any plane dividing the body into a left side and right side
4 Body Directions Medial means closer to the midline or middle. Lateral means further from the midline or toward the side.
5 Anterior (Ventral) -at or toward the front Posterior (Dorsal) - at or toward the backSuperior – aboveInferior – belowProximal – nearer to the point of attachment (the trunk)Distal – farther from the point of attachment
6 Cephalic or cranial – toward the head Caudal – toward the lower end of the spine or buttocks
7 Body Cavities dorsal body cavity ventral body cavity cranial cavity – protects the brainSpinal cavity – spinal cordventral body cavitythoracic cavity – heart and lungsabdominopelvic cavityabdominal cavity –digestive organspelvic cavity – reproductive and urinary organsPelvic cavityAbdominal cavityDiaphragmThoracic cavityCranial cavityDorsal cavityVentral cavitySpinalcavity
9 Regions Right and Left hypochondriac regions are below the ribs. Epigastric region is upon or above the stomachRight and left lumbar regions. Lumbar refers to the inward curve of the spine.Umbilical region. (umbilic means naval and al means pertaining to.Right and left iliac regions refer to the hipbone area.Hypogastric region is below the stomach. The entire lower region of the abdomen is also referred to as the groin or inguinal area.
10 PeritoneumThe peritoneum is the membrane that protects and supports the organs in the abdominal cavity.MED TERM ALERT ! -periton means peritoneum-retro means behind or backwardRetroperitoneal means pertaining to behind the periotoneum.