3 LineI. a continuous mark, made on a surface, or in space, by a moving pointA. Actual - Fully drawn lines orImplied - Lines that are ‘hinted’ atB. DirectionalVertical – Up and downHorizontal – Side to side, like the horizonDiagonal – Any line that is not vertical or horizontal.C. DescriptiveAdjectives and Adverbs
4 ColorII. produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye.A. Hue - the name we give to a color (red, yellow, etc.).B. Intensity - the strength and vividness of the color. Describe the color blue as (bright, rich, vibrant) or "dull" (grayed).C. Value
5 Texture A. Actual - the way something actually feels when touched B. Implied/Visual - the visual "feel" of something. The way something appears to feel.
6 ValueIV. A colors lightness or darkness. The terms shade and tint are in reference to value changes in colorsA. Tint - when white is added to a pure hueB. Shade - when black is added to a pure hueC. Tone – when white AND black are added to a color
7 ShapeA. Organic – An irregular 2D enclosed area, like that which might be found in nature.B. Geometric – 2D enclosed area created by exact mathematical law.
8 FormA. Organic – An irregular 3D enclosed area, like that which might be found in nature.B. Geometric – 3D enclosed area created by exact mathematical law.
9 SpaceA. Actual – the real distance between or around areas or components within of a piece.B. Implied/illusionary - the appearance of space or depth within a work of art.C. Positive – Solid areas or objectsD. Negative – ‘air’ around solid objects, space where other things are not present
10 Principles Balance Movement Emphasis Pattern (repetition) Unity (compare)Variety (contrast)Rhythm
11 Balancethe ways in which the elements (lines, shapes, etc.) of a piece are arrangedSymmetrical - elements are given equal "weight" from an imaginary line in the middle of a piece.Near symmetry- same weight…not the same stuff.Asymmetrical - occurs when elements are placed unevenly in a piece, but work together to produce harmony overall.
12 Movementa visual flow through the composition as you move from object to object by way of placement and positionActual – an object that has true motion.Implied - the suggestion of motion in a design.
13 EmphasisThe area of a piece that is given dominance by the artist. In other words, the artist makes part of the work stand out, in order to draw the viewer's eye there first
14 Pattern(Repetition)the repetition of an element (or elements) in a work
15 Unity(Compare)How an artwork or elements in an artwork are alike and appear to ‘go together’.
16 Variety(Contrast)How things are different. This creates visual interest.High contrast= VERY differentLow contrast= a little different
17 Rhythm Rhythm, in art, is a visual beat. - example, Lines can produce rhythm by implying movement.