Presentation on theme: "ELEMENTS OF ART Beginning Drawing NOTES"— Presentation transcript:
1 ELEMENTS OF ART Beginning Drawing NOTES The basic elements of art are:LINE: mark made with a moving pointed toolSHAPE: a two dimensional area defined in some wayFORM: is any object that has 3 dimensions ( length, width, and depth)VALUE: element of art that shows how dark or light something is.TEXTURE: visual patterns that make you think how the image would feel if it was actually touched( actual: you can actually feel it, invented: made up, simulated: a drawing of a rabbit, a painting of the sand dunes etc.)COLOR: Element of art that is derived from reflected light:
2 LINEThere are 5 basic types of lines-> Vertical( static, elegant , stiff), horizontal(calm, peace, relaxation), diagonal(motion, unstable), curved( feminine, elegance, softness, gradual motion) and zigzag( crazy, chaotic, unpredictable, sudden movement).There are other lines often used in the process of learning how to drawImplied: series of dots that the viewer connectsOutline: show only the outside line of an objectCALLIGRAPHY : beautiful handwriting. Lines that go from thick to thin or thin to thick in one strokeContour: show the outline and some surface and ridges around the object.Gesture: drawn quickly , there are no details, usually used in timed activities and generally shows movement.
3 PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN: The choice or arrangement of elements of art in an artwork BALANCE: concerned with equalizing elements/forces/objects in art. It can be informal or formal ( asymmetrical/symmetrical and radial ) Balanced work looks like the elements are arranged in a satisfying way.CONTRAST: ability to create a focal point by using differences in elementsEMPHASIS: principle of art that makes one part of a work more dominant over the otherMOVEMENT: created by the look and feel of action and to guide the viewer’s eyes throughout the work of artPATTERN: decorative and visual repetitionRHYTHM: Its created by repeating positive shapes, separated by negative shapes/spaces. Indicates MOVEMENT by REPETITIONUNITY: the quality of “wholeness” or “oneness” that is achieved through the effective use of the elements and principles of art. Unity is created by simplicity, repetition and proximityPROPORTION: Concerned with the size relationships of one part to another.HARMONY: Creates unity by stressing the similarities of separate but related parts.VARIETY: differences, and contrasts, making everything NOT the same
4 SHAPE Two dimensional area defined in some way Free-form : irregular and unevenGeometric: can be defined using a math formulaOrganic: those created by or found in nature.Positive space/shape: The object itselfNegative space/shape: the shapes or spaces around the item being drawn
5 FORM 3Dimensional object ( length, width, and depth) In visual arts a drawing of a 3Dimensional object can be obtained by using various shading technique to create a range of values.VALUE: how dark or light something is.VALUE CHART: organized arrangement of lights to dark or dark to lightSHADING TECHINQUES: HATCHING: (small diagonal parallel lies, layering and overlapping), crosshatching( Same as hatching but criss crossing the direction of the lines), stippling/pointillism (little dots applied in layers, somewhat randomly placed), blending: (applying layers of values, and smoothing them with blending utensils) SCRIBBLING: shading with scribbles, layering valuesTINT: when you combine White and a color ALWAYS adding the color TO the whiteSHADE: color combined with black
6 STILL LIFECOMPOSITION: the way an artist arranges the items in their art workThumbnail sketches: small sketches with different views to help select a final compositionView finder: a window-like gadget that helps select an interesting composition by zooming in or out.
7 COLOR: Element of art that is derived from reflected light HUE: the NAME of a color in the color wheelPRIMARY COLORS: red, yellow, blueSECONDARY: you create them by mixing 2 primary colors ( R+Y=O, B+Y=G, B+R=V)TERTIARY: Adding more of one of the primary colors to an already mixed secondary ( RedViolet, RedOrange, YellowGreen, YellowOrange, etc)COLOR: Element of art that is derived from reflected
8 COLOR cont….TINT: when you combine color and white. You MUST always add color TO the white.TONE: When you add black and white( gray) to a colorSHADE: When you combine a color with black. (black can be overpowering so use a little amount at once)PRIMARY, SECONDARY, TERTIARY add up to how many colors are there in the color wheel?