# In this lesson you will learn about the Elements of Art

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In this lesson you will learn about the Elements of Art
Line Shape/Form Space Texture Value Color

In this lesson you will learn about the Elements of Art
DEFINITION = the basic visual tools artists use when making an artwork. The Elements are: color, line, shape, form, texture, space, value

Line = A mark made by a moving point; a mark with length and direction
Ways to change a line: Direction, Length, Thickness, Solid/Broken

What types of LINE do you see in this artwork?

Shape An enclosed space or area
Shapes are 2D, which means they have NO depth Implied by an area of color Can be Geometric or Organic

Shapes Geometric= shapes that follow mathematical law; has a distinct shape like a square, triangle, rectangle Organic = any natural shape that is not geometric; has irregular edges; like an amoeba

Look for examples of SHAPES in this artwork

Form An enclosed space or area Forms are 3D, they have depth
Implied by an area of color

Space Distance between lines and shapes, or the illusion of depth
Shown by: Converging lines Overlapping shapes Changing brightness of color Position on the page Decreasing size (foreshortening) Use of shading and shadows

An example of decreasing size, overlapping shapes, position on the page, change in brightness

Positive Space: FIGURE
Positive Space: FIGURE. Space taken up by objects that the artist wants the viewer to see. Negative Space: GROUND. Space that is around the objects or the leftover, empty space.

Are the HANDS the positive or the negative space?

Texture Can be created using lines, shapes, and values.
= the feel of the actual surface Can be created using lines, shapes, and values. Real texture = you can actually physically feel the texture of the artwork Implied texture = the artist created the texture, but you can not feel it.

EVERYTHING has texture!

Which is real texture which is implied texture?

Produced when light strikes an object and reflects back to the eyes
Color

Color Red, Yellow, & Blue are Primary Hues
Orange, Violet , Green are Secondary Hues

Color Primary & Secondary Colors Primary Colors

Hatching Cross-hatching Stippling

An example of an artworks focusing on VALUES

Can you find each of the elements illustrated. [Color. Line. Shape
Can you find each of the elements illustrated? [Color. Line. Shape. Form. Texture. value.]

In this lesson you will learn about the Principles of Art
Contrast Proportion Movement Rhythm Emphasis Balance Unity

Principles of Design = the organization of a work of art
Rhythm Movement Balance Proportion Variety Emphasis Unity

The Design Principles of Visual Arts help ORGANIZE the Elements of Art
Remember the Elements? *line *texture *shape *space *color *value

Unity = everything fits together as a whole; AKA “harmony”
Your work should not appear disjointed or confusing. Composition appears to be a whole not a collection of parts

Unity in the Elements of Art
Line Shape Texture Space Color Value

Examples of UNITY/Harmony:
WAYS TO CREATE UNITY: Simplicity, Repetition, closeness, Limited color scheme

Variety Variety is the spice of life!!! = Differences in artwork; You can achieve variety by using different shapes, textures, colors and values in your work. WHY? Adds visual interest; keeps your eye looking; avoids boredom

Examples of artworks that use VARIETY:

Contrast = the arrangement of opposites in artwork
This creates a focal point; adds interest & excitement What is the opposite of black? What’s the opposite of smooth? What’s the opposite of a straight line?

Contrast in the Elements of Art
Line Shape Texture Space Color Value

Emphasis = One object or area that stands out or attracts attention, an area of interest that is important AKA “focal point” Created with strong contrast, highlights, large size ONLINE ACTIVITY: Find the FOCAL POINT!

Where does your eye go first?

Emphasis in the Elements of Art
Line Shape Texture Space Color Value

See how RHYTHM is created
= Repeating an element over and over in a work of art; similar to pattern; * like the beat of artwork THINK: Music, dance -beat. * bum bum bum Occurs when movement is repeated Used to direct your eye See how RHYTHM is created

Rhythm in the Elements of Art
Line Shape Texture Space Color Value

What is being repeated to create rhythm in this artwork?

Movement Using the elements to direct the viewers eye along a certain path What path does your eye follow in this painting?

Movement in the Elements of Art
Line Shape Texture Space Color Value

Balance = a sense of stability in the body of work; a feeling of equal weight, looks like it’s been arranged well See Balance in Art

An experiment with balance
Not Balanced

Formal or Symmetrical =
when the 2 sides are equal Symmetrical Balance

Asymmetrical Balance Informal or Asymmetrical =
There is balance, but the two sides are not the same Asymmetrical Balance

Formal Balance = identical sides

Balance in the Elements of Art
Line Shape Texture Formal Informal Informal Formal Informal Informal Space Color Value

Proportion = (scale) refers to the relationships of the size of objects in a work of art. Artists learned that distorting or exaggerating proportion could alter the effect of a work on the viewer Artists can show what is important by changing the sizes of objects ** DRAW a person with an exaggerated feature

Examples of PROPORTION

What have you learned about the Elements and Principles of Visual Art?
Line Shape Space Texture Value Color PRINCIPLES Variety Repetition Movement Rhythm Emphasis Balance Unity

NEXT :: We will be making books similar to these to review these concepts. You will illustrate one page for each element/principle.

How to Illustrate the ELEMENTS of Art