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The American Revolution

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Presentation on theme: "The American Revolution"— Presentation transcript:

1 The American Revolution

2 A Change in 1763 The conclusion of the Seven Year’s War (The French and Indian War) War costs money England needs to pay its debts

3 Royal Proclamation of 1763 Hope to avoid further
conflict between colonists and native Americans Restricts western settlement to the Appalachian Mountains

4 The Stamp Act (1765) Britain tries to raise money
Tax on printed materials, playing cards, official documents British enforcement was un-democratic No Jury Trials

5 Who is affected by the Stamp Act?
Attorneys Colonial legislatures feel undermined Government officials Sailors and gamblers

6 Reactions to the new Taxes
Colonial Assemblies pass resolutions against the taxes Sons of Liberty Boycotts Militia and police join demonstrations

7 Philosophical Reactions
Natural Rights Taxation without Representation Right to a jury trial Colonial Rights – are the colonists “Englishmen?”

8 Outcomes from the Stamp Act
Stamp Act Repealed England passes “Declaratory Act” The right to tax Philosophy linked to self interest Legitimizes boycotts and mass-demonstrations

9 Townshend Acts Tax on glass, paper, and tea Boycotts in Boston

10 The Boston Massacre March 5, 1770

11 The Boston Tea Party December 16, 1773

12 The “Intolerable Acts” of 1774-75
Massachusetts Government Act Administration of Justice Act All British soldiers to be tried in Britain, not in the colonies Boston Port Act Britain demands payment for goods lost in the Boston Tea Party Quartering Acts

13 Quartering Act

14 Committees of Correspondence (1772)
Include all 13 colonies Spread information about problems facing the other colonies Colonial Propaganda A nationalizing experience

15 First Continental Congress September 15, 1774

16 First Continental Congress
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Agree to boycott British goods British imports dropped by 97% in 1775 Agree to meet in the Second Continental Congress, to be convened on May 10, 1775

17 A Revolutionary War

18 Battle of Lexington and Concord
April 19, 1775 “The Shot Heard ‘Round the World”

19 Battle of Bunker Hill June 17, 1775

20 Second Continental Congress, 1775
Congress creates a Continental Army The Olive Branch Petition

21 The Declaration of Independence

22 The Declaration of Independence
Thomas Jefferson July 4, 1776

23 The Main Arguments: Preamble
Identifies injuries caused by King George III Denounces the British, argues that revolution is justified Conclusion that the colonies must create a new government

24 The Philosophy behind the Declaration
“We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.

25 John Locke The Second Treatise of Government
Life, Liberty, and Property Laws of Nature

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