Presentation on theme: "IS IT EVER JUSTIFIABLE TO OVERTHROW THE GOVERNMENT?"— Presentation transcript:
IS IT EVER JUSTIFIABLE TO OVERTHROW THE GOVERNMENT?
THE CHAOTIC 60s 1763: end of salutory (beneficial) neglect –No more virtual self- government –No more evasion of mercantilist policies –Enforcement of Navigation Acts (no use of foreign shipping colonial goods)
…and the colonists continue to be displeased with the British… 1764: Sugar Act lowered existing duties, increased enforcement 1765: Stamp Act- 1 st internal tax levied by British 1765: Quartering Act required colonists to provide food/living quarters for British soldiers
How the colonists responded to the Stamp Act in 1765… May: Virginia Resolutions- protest Stamp Act July: Sons of Liberty created by Sam Adams & John Hancock October: Stamp Act Congress- first time 13 colonies worked together November: Boycott (repeal stamp act)
Victory! …or not… 1766: Stamp Act repealed 1766: Declaratory Act (Parliaments power extends to Americas) 1767: Townshend Acts (duties on paper, glass, paint, tea) 1770: Boston Massacre
The Boston Tea Party Tea Act (1773) Boston Tea Party (1773)
British Response to the Boston Tea Party Coercive & Port Acts (a.k.a. Intolerable Acts) (1774): British closed Boston Harbor until colonists paid for destroyed tea, permitted British officials accused of crimes in MA to stand trial in Britain, and drastically curtailed self-govt. in MA. New Quartering Act (1774)
Colonial Response to What is Happening 1774: 1 st Continental Congress King George declares colonies to be in a state of rebellion 1775: 2 nd Continental Congress extends Olive Branch Petition King George rejects OBP; declares colonies in rebellion
The Road to Revolution April 1775: Battle of Lexington & Concord January 1776: Thomas Paine publishes Common Sense July 4, 1776: 2 nd Continental Congress adopts Declaration of Independence
"We must all hang together, or assuredly we shall all hang separately. -Benjamin Franklin
Final Question We know how the story ends. The colonies gain their independence and ultimately the USA is formed. But do you think that the colonists were justified in fighting for independence? Or do you think they would have been more justified in simply fighting for their rights as Englishmen? Explain your response.