Presentation on theme: "Chapter 9-2 Industrialization: Case Study of Manchester."— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 9-2Industrialization: Case Study of Manchester
2 Goals and Objectives Upon completion students should be able to: Describe the social and economic effects of industrializationEvaluate the growing tensions between middle and working classes.Identify positive effects of the Industrial Revolution.Describe Manchester as an industrial city.
3 Industrialization Changes Life Factory Work -Factories pay more than farms.-This led to the demand for more expensive goods
4 Industrial Cities Rise Urbanization-The rise of population and movement of people leading to the growth of citiesGrowing population provided workforce and market for factory goods.
5 British Industrial cities: The most industrialized cities were London, Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool
7 Living ConditionsSickness widespread; epidemics, like cholera, sweep urban slumsLife span in one large city is only 17 yearsWealthy Merchants, factory owners live inluxurious suburban homes
8 Conditions in urban cities Rapidly growing cities lacked sanitary conditions or building codesCities also lacked adequate housing, education, police and fire protection.
9 Working ConditionsAverage working day 14 hours for 6 days a week, year roundDirty, poorly lit factories injure workersMany coal miners killed by coal dustWomen and children were often exploited in work places.
10 The Middle Class Middle class has comfortable standard of living Middle Class-skilled workers, merchants, rich farmers, professionalsEmerging middle class is looked down upon by landowners, aristocratsMiddle class has comfortable standard of living
11 The Working Class Laborers’ lives not improved; some laborers replaced by machinesLuddites, other groups destroyed machinery that puts them out of workUnemployment a serious problem; unemployed riot
12 Positives of the industrial revolution Created jobs, enriches nation, encourages technological progressEducation expands, clothing cheaper, diet and housing improveWorkers eventually won shorter hours, better wages and conditions
13 Long-Term EffectsImproved living and working conditions still present todayGovernments use increased tax revenues for urban improvementsThe rise of labor unions
14 The Mills of Manchester Manchester has labor, water power, nearby port at LiverpoolPoor live and work unhealthy, even dangerous, environmentBusiness owners make profits by risking their own money on factoriesEventually, working class sees its standard of living rise some
15 Children in Manchester Factories Children as young as 6 work in factories;many are injured1819 Factory Act restricts working age, hours
16 Pollution Factory pollution fouls air, poisons river Nonetheless, Manchester produces goods and creates wealth