Presentation on theme: "Dissociative, Schizophrenia, and Personality Disorders"— Presentation transcript:
1 Dissociative, Schizophrenia, and Personality Disorders Module 29
2 Dissociative Disorders Types Disorders in which the sense of self has become separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts, or feelingsThree main types:Dissociative AmnesiaDissociative FugueDissociative Identity Disorder
4 Dissociative Dissociative Amnesia Fugue A dissociative disorder characterized by loss of memory in reaction to a traumatic eventExample: soldiers in combatA Dissociative disorder characterized by loss of identity and travel to a new locationThe person may develop a new identity and begin a new life.
5 Dissociative Identity Disorder A rare and controversial dissociative disorder in which an individual experiences two or more distinct and alternating personalitiesFormerly called multiple personalitiesPersonalities can be different ages, sex, and self perception of characteristicsEX: Hershel Walker
6 SchizophreniaA group of severe disorders characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actionsIs not one disorder but a family of disordersIs not “split personality”Occurs in about 1% of the population
7 Symptoms of Schizophrenia Symptoms of schizophrenia include:Delusions (false beliefs)Hallucinations (false perceptions)Inappropriate emotions or behaviors
8 DelusionsFalse beliefs of schizophrenia and other serious psychological disordersFour major types of delusions:GrandeurPersecutionSin or guiltInfluence
9 4 Types of Delusions Grandeur Influence Sin or guilt Persecution False beliefs that a person is more important than they really arePatients may believe they are a famous person (e.g. Napoleon)Sin or guiltFalse beliefs that the person is responsible for some misfortunePersecutionFalse beliefs that people are out to get the personBelieve they are being followed, the phone is wiretapped, etc.InfluenceFalse beliefs of being controlled by outside forces
10 HallucinationsFalse perceptions of schizophrenia or other serious psychological disordersTypes of hallucinations:Auditory (hearing voices)Visual (seeing things)Tactile (feeling skin sensations)Can also have distorted smell and taste
11 Inappropriate Emotions/Behaviors Flat affect – showing little or no emotional responseWord salad – nonsense talkWaxy flexibility – the person’s arms and legs will remain in place after being moved there
13 Paranoid Catatonic Schizophrenia Schizophrenia Characterized by delusions, especially grandeur and persecution.Auditory and other hallucinations support the delusions.Characterized by variations in voluntary movementCatatonic excitement:Rapid movements with delusions and hallucinationsCatatonic stuporLittle or no activity, movement, or speech (waxy flexibility)
14 Disorganized Undifferentiated Schizophrenia Schizophrenia Characterized by bizarre behavior, delusions, and hallucinations.Very disturbed thought and language (word salad)Symptoms that don’t clearly fit into one of the other types of schizophrenia but still show clear symptoms of schizophrenia
18 Biological Factors – Brain Structure Brain structure of those with schizophrenia is different than the normal brainThose with schizophrenia have smaller amounts of brain tissue and larger fluid filled spaces.The thalamus is smaller in those with schizophrenia.
19 Biological Factors – Brain Function The brain of those with schizophrenia operates differently than the normal brain.The frontal lobes show less activity.Those with schizophrenia have a larger number of receptor sites for the neurotransmitter dopamine.
20 Biological Factors – Prenatal Viruses A viral infection during the middle of pregnancy may increase schizophrenia risk.
21 Psychological Factors Two main areas:StressDisturbed familyIt’s unclear whether these are causes or consequences of schizophrenia.
22 Personality Disorders Module 29: Dissociative, Schizophrenia, and Personality Disorders
23 Personality Disorders Psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and lasting behavior patterns that disrupt social functioningDivided into three clusters:Related to anxietyWith odd and eccentric behaviorsWith dramatic or impulsive behaviors
25 Personality Disorders Related to Anxiety Module 29: Dissociative, Schizophrenia, and Personality Disorders
26 Avoidant Dependent Personality Disorder Personal. Dis. So sensitive about being rejected that personal relationships become difficultBehave in clingy, submissive ways and displays a strong need to have others take care of them
27 Personality Disorders with Odd or Eccentric Behaviors Module 29: Dissociative, Schizophrenia, and Personality Disorders
28 Paranoid Schizoid Personality Disorder Personal. Dis. Shows deep distrust of other people, which gets in the way of personal relationshipsDifferent than paranoid schizophreniaIs detached from social relationshipsAre true hermits, preferring life alone and avoiding intimate interactions at all costs
29 Personality Disorders with Dramatic or Impulsive Behaviors Module 29: Dissociative, Schizophrenia, and Personality Disorders
30 Borderline Antisocial Personality Disorder Personal. Dis. Exhibit instability of emotions, self-image, behavior, and relationshipsShows absolutely no concern for the rights or feelings of other peopleHas no conscience and shows no remorseAlso known as psychopathic or sociopathic personality disorder
31 Are YOU A Psychopath This is a story about a girl. While at the funeral of her own mother, she met a guy whom she did not know. She thought this guy was amazing, so much the dream guy that she was searching for that she fell in love with him immediately. However, she never asked for his name or number and afterward could not find anyone who knew who he was.A few days later the girl killed her own sister.Question: Why did she kill her sister?First, find your own answer to this question.
32 AnswerAnswer: She reasoned that if the guy appeared at her mother's funeral, then he might appear another family funeral.If you answered this correctly, you think like a psychopath. This was a test by a famous American psychologist used to test if one has the same mentality as a killer. Many arrested serial killers took part in this test and answered correctly.