Presentation on theme: "Schizophrenia. About 1 in every 100 people are diagnosed with schizophrenia. Symptoms of Schizophrenia: 1.Disorganized thinking. 2.Disturbed perceptions."— Presentation transcript:
About 1 in every 100 people are diagnosed with schizophrenia. Symptoms of Schizophrenia: 1.Disorganized thinking. 2.Disturbed perceptions. 3.Inappropriate emotions and actions.
Disorganized Thinking The thinking of a person with schizophrenia is fragmented and bizarre; also distorted with false beliefs. Disorganized thinking comes from a breakdown in selective attention - they cannot filter out information. Often causes...
Delusions (false beliefs) Delusions of Persecution Delusions of Grandeur
Disturbed Perceptions Hallucinations- sensory experiences without sensory stimulation (usually auditory like voices in their head).
Inappropriate Emotions and Actions Laugh at inappropriate times. Flat Effect - (zombielike state). Senseless, compulsive acts. Catatonia - motionless for hours.
Positive vs. Negative Symptoms Positive Symptoms Presence of inappropriate symptoms Negative Symptoms Absence of appropriate ones.
Disorganized Schizophrenia Disorganized speech or behavior, or flat or inappropriate emotion. Clang associations: "Imagine the worst systematic, sympathetic quite pathetic, apologetic, paramedic. Your heart is prosthetic.“ Word salad: “It’s all over for a squab true tray and there ain’t no music, there ain’t no nothing besides my mother and father who stand alone upon the Island of Capri where there is no ice.”
Paranoid Schizophrenia Preoccupation with delusions or hallucinations of persecution. Always looking over your shoulder like somebody is out to get you! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gGnl8dqEoPQ&feat ure=results_main&playnext=1&list=PL135E3BF70B9D 590Chttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gGnl8dqEoPQ&feat ure=results_main&playnext=1&list=PL135E3BF70B9D 590C
Catatonic Schizophrenia Flat effect. Waxy Flexibility. Immobility and/or parrotlike repeating of another’s speech and movements.
Undifferentiated Schizophrenia Many varied symptoms. "Undifferentiated schizophrenia" is used as a label for cases of schizophrenia that don't match any of the established types of schizophrenia.
Residual Schizophrenia This subtype is diagnosed when the patient no longer displays prominent positive symptoms (i.e. hallucinations). The person does show some negative symptoms like speaking little or being apathetic.
Causes of Schizophrenia No known single cause. Possible causes: Excess of dopamine receptors. Low activity in frontal lobes.
Causes of Schizophrenia Possible causes: Enlarged ventricles in the brain. Shrinkage of brain tissue in limbic system. Prenatal viruses.