Presentation on theme: "Literature Terms. Characterization Characterization- How the author creates people for a story. Direct Characterization-A writer can reveal a character’s."— Presentation transcript:
Characterization Characterization- How the author creates people for a story. Direct Characterization-A writer can reveal a character’s personality by: Telling us directly what the character is like Describing how the character looks and dresses Letting us hear the character speak Letting us listen to the character’s inner thoughts and feelings Revealing what other people say or think about the character Showing the character’s actions
Characterization (cont.) Indirect Characterization occurs when the reader has to put clues together to figure out what a character is like. Static Character-does not change much over the course of the story Dynamic Character-changes in some important way as a result of the story’s action Flat Character- has only one or two personality traits and can be summed up in a single phrase Round Character- complex characters with many different traits
Characterization (cont.) Protagonist- the main character in a literary work Antagonist- the character or force in conflict with the main character/protagonist
Climax The point in the story where tension is the highest. It is the point in the action where the conflict is about to be resolved.
Conflict The conflict is the problem between the opposing forces in the story. There are five types of conflict: 1. Man against Man [One character has a problem with one or more other characters.] 2. Man against Himself [A character has trouble deciding what action to take.] 3. Man against Society [A character has a problem with the law, school, accepted behavior, etc.] 4. Man against Nature [A character struggles with the elements. ] 5. Man against Fate (the Gods, the Supernatural) [A character is faced with uncontrollable circumstances.]
Denouement Any events that occur after the resolution.
Exposition Exposition is that part of the story that helps the reader understand the background or situation in which the story is set. It is intended to make clear or explain something that might be difficult to understand.
Falling Action The action of a story is said to increase in tension to a climax. Falling action is the part of the story that occurs after the climax.
Foreshadowing Foreshadowing is a suggestion or hint in a story. It is put there by the author to indicate an event to come. At times this “hint” may be so subtle that it is difficult to recognize until the “event” has occurred.
Inference A reasonable conclusion based on details (character appearance, actions, dialogue, narration, etc.) in the text.
Irony Situational Irony-What actually happens is the opposite of what is expected or appropriate. Dramatic Irony-Occurs when the reader or audience knows something important that the character does not know. Verbal Irony-A speaker says one thing but means the opposite.
Mood Mood is the feeling that an author wants the reader to experience. The way words are put together determine the kinds of feelings the reader feels—fear, humor, sadness, hate, anger, etc. In “The Monkey's Paw” the narrator says, “The cold white of the winter moon cast a slant of light on the far wall, capturing the shadow of the hunched old woman as she peered expectantly toward the graveyard.” This sentence was intended to create a mood of loneliness, depression, misery, etc.
Plot sequence of events that involves exposition (background, characters, setting, conflict,etc.), rising action, climax, falling action and resolution
Point of View Vantage point from which the writer narrates, or tells, a story. In the omniscient (or “all-knowing”) point of view, the narrator plays no part in the story but can tell us what all the characters are thinking and feeling as well as what is happening in other places. In the third person limited point of view, the narrator plays no part in the story, but zooms in on one character’s thoughts and feelings. In the first person point of view, the narrator is a character in the story.
Rising Action The rising action is that part of the action that happens before the climax.
Resolution The end of the central conflict in the story.
Setting The setting is the time and place in which the story occurs. The time or place may be either stated or suggested. The setting provides a background for the action and can also help shape events.
Suspense Suspense is the tension created in the reader by the action of the story. This is done when the author hints that something new is about to happen.
Symbol Person, place, thing or event that stands both for itself and for something beyond itself.
Theme The central idea or insight about human life revealed by a work of literature.
Tone The attitude a writer takes toward a subject, a character, or the reader.