6 A. Exposition Occurs at the beginning of a short story. Characters are introducedWe learn about the settingWe are introduced to the main conflict (main problem).
7 B. Rising ActionThis part of the story begins to develop the conflict(s). A building of suspense occurs.
8 C. ClimaxThis is the turning point of the story. Usually the main character comes face to face with a conflict. The main character will change in some way.
9 D. Falling ActionAll loose ends of the plot are tied up. The conflict(s) and climax are taken care of.
10 E. ResolutionThe story comes to a reasonable ending.
11 A. ExpositionB. Rising ActionC. ClimaxD. Falling ActionE. ResolutionBeginning of StoryMiddle of StoryEnd of Story
12 ConflictIs the opposition of forces – it is any goal or problem that the main character is faced with.There are usually (but not always) multiple conflicts, but only one main one.
13 There are two types of conflict: 1) External - A struggle with a force from the outside.2) Internal - A struggle within (the character must make some decision, overcome pain, resist an urge, etc.)
14 There are four kinds of conflict: 1) Human vs. Humanleading character strugglesagainst other humansagainst animals2) Human vs. Natureagainst natureagainst fate
15 3) Human vs. Societyleading character struggles against beliefs or customs of other people.4) Human vs. Selfleading character struggleswith ideas of right or wrongchoicesphysical limitationsetc.
16 CharacterS Protagonist is the main character of the story (the hero) all major events have some importance to this characterAntagonist is whatever causes the conflict with the protagonist (the villain, etc.)can also be nature, society, etc.
17 Theme is the author's main idea or moral usually is what the main character learns about life from overcoming the conflictauthor may use figurative language to emphasize his or her theme:Simile MetaphorHyperbole IdiomIrony Symbolism
18 Examples of ThemeSome simple examples of common themes in literature, TV, and film:“don't judge a book by its cover”“things are not always as they appear to be”“people are afraid of change”“love is blind”“believe in yourself”