Presentation on theme: "Setting, Character, Theme, Conflict, Point of View, and Plot"— Presentation transcript:
1 Setting, Character, Theme, Conflict, Point of View, and Plot Short Story ElementsSetting, Character, Theme,Conflict, Point of View, and Plot
2 SettingThe setting is the time and location in which a story takes placeThere are several aspects of a story’s setting to consider when examining how setting contributes to a story: place, time, weather conditions, social conditions, mood or atmosphere
3 Setting Place - geographical location Time – when the story is taking place (historical period, time of day, year, etc.)Weather Conditions – is it raining, sunny, stormy, etcSocial Conditions – what is the daily life of a character like, does the writing focus of speech, dress, mannerisms, customs, etc.?Mood or Atmosphere – what feeling is portrayed, bright and cheerful or dark and frightening?
4 Character There are two meanings for the word character: 1) the person in a work of fiction2) the characteristics of a person
5 Character Persons in a work of fiction Antagonist and Protagonist Protagonist is the character at the center of the story with all the major events having some importance to this characterAntagonist is the opposer of the main character
6 Character The characteristics of a person In order for a story to seem real, the characters must seem realThe author must show the character is several waysHis/her physical appearanceWhat he/she says, thinks, feels, and dreamsWhat he/she does or does not doWhat others say about him/her and how others react to him/her
7 Character Characters are… Individual – round, many sided and complex personalitiesDeveloping – dynamic, many sided personalities that change, for better or worse, by the end of the storyStatic – stereotype, have on or two characteristics that never change and are emphasized (brilliant detective, drunk, scrooge, cruel stepmother, etc.)
8 ThemeTheme is the story’s controlling idea or central insight. The author’s underlying meaning or main idea that he is trying to convey.The title usually points to what the writer is saying and may use various figures of speech to emphasize the theme (symbol, allusion, simile, metaphor, hyperbole, or irony).
9 Theme Common themes from literature, film and TV Things are not always what they seemLove is blindBelieve in yourselfPeople are afraid of changeDon’t judge a book by its cover
10 ConflictConflict is essential to the plot, without it there is no storyIt is the opposition of forces which ties one incident to another and makes the plot move
11 Conflict There are two types of conflict External – a struggle with a force outside one’s selfInternal – a struggle within one’s self; a person must make some decision, overcome pain, quiet their temper, resist an urge, etc.
12 Conflict There are four kinds of conflict Man vs. Man (physical) – main character struggles with his physical strength against other men, forces of nature, or animalsMan vs. Circumstances (classical) – main character struggles against fate, or the circumstances of life facing him/herMan vs. Society (social) – main character struggles against ideas, practices, or customs of other peopleMan vs. Himself/Herself (psychological) – main character struggles with themselves; with their own soul, ideas of right or wrong, physical limitations, choices, etc.
13 Point of View Defined as the angle from which a story is told Innocent Eye - the story is told through the eyes of a child (their judgment being different from that of an adult)Stream of Consciousness – the story is told so that the reader feels as is they are inside the head of one character and knows all their thought and reactions
14 Point of ViewFirst Person – the reader sees the story through this person’s eyes as he/she experiences it and only knows what that character knows and feels (uses pronouns I, me, we, etc.)Third Person - told by a narrator who is merely conveying a story, but not a character of any kind within the story being told (uses he, she, it, or they; but never as I or we [first-person], or you [second-person])
15 Point of ViewLimited Third Person - storytelling in which the narrator knows only the thoughts and feelings of a single character, while other characters are presented externallyOmniscient - author can move from character to character, event to event, having free access to the thoughts, feelings and motivations of his hcaracters and he introduces information where and when he chooses
16 Plot Author arranges events to develop his basic ideas Planned, logical series of events having a beginning, middle, and endExposition, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action, and Resolution
17 Plot Climax is a three-fold phenomenon Main character receives new informationHe/she accepts this information (realizes it but does not necessarily agree with it)Then character acts on this information (makes a choice that will determine whether or not he/she gains his objective)