2 SETTINGThe setting is the time and location in which the story takes place.Sometimes the setting is very important. Other times, it is not. There are five different aspects of the setting to consider.
3 Five Aspects of Setting a. Placegeographical location where the action of the story is taking place
4 Five Aspects of Setting b. Timewhen the story is taking place (historical period, time of day, season of year, etc.)
5 Five Aspects of Setting c. Weather Conditionstype of weather and climate throughout the story (rainy, stormy, sunny, etc.)
6 Five Aspects of Setting d. Social Conditionsthe daily life of the characters, the local color (speech, dress, mannerisms, customs, etc.)
7 Five Aspects of Setting e. Mood or Atmospherethe feeling created at the beginning of the story (happy, cheerful, scary, dark, etc.)
8 PLOTThe plot is the way the writer arranges the sequence of events in the story. Generally, stories have a beginning, a middle, and an end. There are five important parts of the plot.
9 Five Parts of Plot 1. Introduction (Exposition) the beginning of the story where the setting, characters, and conflict are introduced
10 Five Parts of Plot 2. Rising Action the events that occur as the story becomes more complicated and the conflict is revealed
11 Five Parts of Plot 3. Climax the highest point of interest and the turning point in the story
12 Five Parts of Plot 4. Falling Action after the climax as the events and the characters begin to resolve themselves, the conflict is resolved
13 Five Parts of Plot 5. Denouement (Resolution) the final outcome or untangling of events in the story
14 CONFLICTEvery story must have a conflict. Without a conflict, there is no plot. It is the opposition of forces that makes the plot move. A conflict is opposition to the main character. There may be more than one conflict in a story. Usually, there is one major conflict. There are two types of conflict and four kinds of conflict.
15 Two Types of Conflict 1. External a struggle between a character and an outside force (another character, nature, society, fate, etc.)
16 Two Types of Conflict 2. Internal a struggle between a character and him or herself within the character’s mind
17 Four Kinds of Conflict 1. Man vs. Man the leading character struggles against another character, a force of nature, or animals
18 Four Kinds of Conflict 2. Man vs. Circumstances the leading character struggles against fate or the circumstances of life facing him or her
19 Four Kinds of Conflict 3. Man vs. Society the leading character struggles against ideas, practices, or customs of society
20 Four Kinds of Conflict 4. Man vs. Him or Herself the leading character struggles against him or herself (within his or her soul, with his or her ideas of right and wrong, against physical limitations, etc.)
21 CHARACTERSThe characters are the actors in the story (people, animals, etc.). There are two types of characters and three states of characters.
22 Two Types of Characters a. Protagonistthe main character in the story, almost all events are somehow connected to the protagonist
23 Two Types of Characters b. Antagonistthe person in conflict with the main character
24 Three States of Characters 1. Individuala character with a round, many-sided, complex personality
25 Three States of Characters 2. Developinga character who changes, for better or worse, throughout the story
26 Three States of Characters 3. Statica character who fits a stereotype and never changes (drunk, scrooge, cruel stepmother, etc.)
27 POINT OF VIEWThe point of view is the angle from which the story is told. There are three main types of point of view we will see.
28 Three Types of Point of View 1. First Personthe story is told by one character; the reader sees the story through the character’s eyes as the character experiences it; and the reader only knows how the narrator feels about things
29 Three Types of Point of View 2. Stream of Consciousnessthe story is told so the reader feels as if he or she is inside the mind of one of the characters and knows all the character’s thoughts and reactions
30 Three Types of Point of View 3. Omniscientthe story is told from a narrator who is not in the story, and the narrator describes all the characters and the action from the outsidea. Limited – only knows what one character knowsb. Objective – knows everything going on but offers no opinions, reader must form his or her own opinions
31 THEMEThe theme is the main idea that the writer is trying to convey in the story. Usually, it is something that can be applied to life. Sometimes it is stated directly in the story. Other times, the reader must think about what the writer was trying to say.
32 THEME Examples? Don’t judge a book by its cover. What goes around comes around.Let sleeping dogs lie.Don’t make a mountain out of a molehill.