Presentation on theme: "South Asia Physical Geography. What countries are considered part of South Asia? India India Pakistan Pakistan Nepal Nepal Bhutan Bhutan Bangladesh Bangladesh."— Presentation transcript:
What countries are considered part of South Asia? India India Pakistan Pakistan Nepal Nepal Bhutan Bhutan Bangladesh Bangladesh Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Maldives Maldives
Subcontinent South Asia is sometimes called a subcontinent – a large landmass that is smaller than a continent. In fact, it is often called the Indian Subcontinent because India dominates the region.
How does the size of South Asia compare to that of the United States?
Is the population of South Asia greater or less than the U.S.?
India has 3 times the population of the USA!!!!!!
South Asia (all those countries in the first slide put together) has more than 1 billion inhabitants – 1/5 of the world’s population.
What can you say about the population density of South Asia?
What is the world’s tallest mountain? Mt. McKinley’s in Alaska but it’s not the tallest!
What are South Asia’s highest mountains? Starts with an “H” Hit f5 to make it full screen.
The land now called the Indian Subcontinent was once part of East Africa. It split off from Africa and started drifting towards Asia. When the two land masses collided, the land in the collision zone was forced upward to form the Himalayas.
These mountains are still rising and scientists predict that as the two tectonic plates continue to push against each other, India will eventually become one huge mountain range.
What is the longest river in India? South Asia’s two longest rivers – it’s a tie!!
Ganges River It flows from a glacier in the Himalayas to the Bay of Bengal It flows from a glacier in the Himalayas to the Bay of Bengal The Ganges is not only an important water source but a sacred river. The Ganges is not only an important water source but a sacred river. According to Hindu beliefs, it is a life giving river and they believe the river has healing powers According to Hindu beliefs, it is a life giving river and they believe the river has healing powers
Pollution The Ganges is one of the most polluted rivers in the world The Ganges is one of the most polluted rivers in the world Raw sewage and industrial waste Raw sewage and industrial waste Dead animals float in the water and even human corpses are thrown in Dead animals float in the water and even human corpses are thrown in As a result the water is poisoned with toxic chemicals and deadly bacteria As a result the water is poisoned with toxic chemicals and deadly bacteria Many people who drink or bathe in the water become ill with stomach or intestinal diseases Many people who drink or bathe in the water become ill with stomach or intestinal diseases According to many Hindu believers, the river is too holy to be harmed by pollution. According to many Hindu believers, the river is too holy to be harmed by pollution.
What is the general elevation pattern from south to north? Gradual increase moving towards the Himalayas
What is the general elevation pattern from east to west? Elevation is lowest on the coasts and gradually increases as move inland
How does the elevation pattern of Sri Lanka compare to the rest of South Asia? Very similar, except there are no high mountains
Sri Lanka Lies off the southern tip of India Lies off the southern tip of India Lush and tropical Lush and tropical Center of the island dominated by mountains Center of the island dominated by mountains
More than 1200 islands Only about 200 are inhabited None of them rise more than 6 feet above sea level The Maldives Archipelago
The first great civilization of South Asia developed along the Indus River more than 4,000 years ago
What appear to be the natural boundaries of the Indus Valley civilization? Mountain ranges, Thar Desert, Arabian Sea
To what physical feature does the civilization appear to conform? Indus River
Interesting Fact Until about 1960, Bhutan was a kingship forbidden to outsiders. At that time only about 100 western visitors had been to Bhutan. This isolationism was helped by its borders being made up of jungles or mountains.
In which country are the most religions practiced?
What areas have the least amount of economic activity? Why?
What is the major economic activity in this region?
Half of the climate zones that exist can be found in South Asia – 6 zones. This means that Asians must adapt to widely varying conditions.
See the cold, mountainous area? That’s the area of the Himalayas where snow exists year round
The lower elevations of the mountain range are much warmer and are humid subtropical. The Semi arid regions have high temperatures and light rainfall.
What would be the driest area? Where would the wettest area be? For example, “west” or “southeast” or whatever.
Monsoons and Cyclones Monsoons are seasonal winds Monsoons are seasonal winds October – February dry winds blow October – February dry winds blow June – September winds blow in from the Southwest bringing moist ocean air June – September winds blow in from the Southwest bringing moist ocean air Cyclones is a violent storm with fierce winds and heavy rain. Cyclones is a violent storm with fierce winds and heavy rain.