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Published byLillian Roberts Modified over 7 years ago

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Or How to Orbit the Globe

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There are seven continents in the world. With your partners, lay out the blue paper. Next, rip up the green paper in a way you feel best looks like the seven continents. Now glue these to the blue paper in the way they would look on an atlas.

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North America South America Europe Asia Africa Australia Antarctica

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Atlantic Pacific Indian Arctic Southern

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This is a compass rose. It gives many of the directions. The cardinal directions are north, south, east, and west. The intermediate directions are northwest, northeast, southwest, and southeast.

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Butterfly – north Tiger – northeast Alligator – east Pig – southeast Bluebird – south Kangaroo – southwest Fish – west Skunk - northwest

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A hemisphere is half of a globe. It can be split horizontally through the Equator. Or it can be split vertically through the Prime Meridian.

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What continent(s) are in the northern hemisphere? What continent(s) are in the southern hemisphere? What continent(s) are in the western hemisphere? What continent(s) are in the eastern hemisphere?

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This is an example of a typical graph we are all familiar with. The graph is made up of different “points” with lines that connect the points.

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Each point has two values: The “X” value that runs along the horizontal “X” axis The “Y” value that runs along the vertical “Y” axis Y axis X axis

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X value is always stated first Followed by the Y value The “origin” is the point where the 2 axes intersect with a value of (0,0) (0,0) (3,8) Y X (9,5)

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A point can also have negative (-) values Negative X values are to the left of the origin (0,0) Negative Y values are below the origin X Y (-X,+Y) (+X,-Y) (+X,+Y) (-X,-Y) (0,0)

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Let the X axis be the Equator. Let the Y axis be the Prime Meridian that runs through Greenwich outside of London. Lat/Long are the 2 grid points by which you can locate any point on earth. Y X

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Let each of the four quarters then be designated by North or South and East or West. N S EW

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The N tells us we’re north of the Equator. The S tells us we’re south of the Equator. The E tells us that we’re east of the Prime Meridian. The W tells us that we’re west of the Prime Meridian. (N, W) (N, E) (S, W) (S, E)

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That means all points in North America will have a North latitude and a West longitude because it is North of the Equator and West of the Prime Meridian. (N, W) Prime Meridian

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What would be the latitude and longitude directions in Australia? Prime Meridian ? If you said South and East, you’re right!

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Latitude is the distance from the equator along the Y axis. All points along the equator have a value of 0 degrees latitude. North pole = 90°N South pole = 90°S Values are expressed in terms of degrees. Y X 90°S 90°N

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Each degree of latitude is divided into 60 minutes. Each minute is divided into 60 seconds. Y X 90°S 90°N This is also true of longitude.

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For Example: 37°, 02’,51’’N This is close to the latitude where you live. Y X 90°S 90°N

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Longitude is the distance from the prime meridian along the X axis. All points along the prime meridian have a value of 0 degrees longitude. The earth is divided into two parts, or hemispheres, of east and west longitude. Y X 180°W 180°E

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The earth is divided into 360 equal slices (meridians) 180 west and 180 east of the prime meridian Y X 180°W 180°E

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Our latitude and longitude might be: 37°, 03’,13’’N 76°, 29’, 45’’W Y X 90°S 90°N

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The origin point (0,0) is where the equator intersects the prime meridian. (0,0) is off the western coast of Africa in the Atlantic Ocean.

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1. 41°N, 21°E 2. 37°N, 76°W 3. 72°S, 141°W 4. 7°S, 23°W 5. 15°N, 29°E 6. 34°S, 151°E AB C D

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1. B 2. A 3. C 4. C 5. B 6. D

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See if you can find the same latitude or longitude locations on a map!

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