7 LongitudeLongitudeLines of measurement east or west of the Prime MeridianNote: There are 60 minutes in a degree and 60 seconds in a minute.
8 What is Longitude? The earth is divided into two parts, or hemispheres YThe earth is divided into two parts, or hemisphereseast and west longitude.X180°W180°E
9 Latitude What is Latitude? Lines of Latitude run horizontally (sideways)Latitude is measured in degrees.The Equator is 0 degrees Latitude.Lines of Latitude locate places North or South of the Equator.The North Pole is 90 degrees N Latitude, and the South Pole is 90 degrees S Latitude.
10 Values are expressed in terms of degrees. What is Latitude?North pole = 90°NSouth pole = 90°SValues are expressed in terms of degrees.90°NYX90°S
12 East West, North South on the Earth The N tells us we’re north of the Equator. The S tells us we’re south of the Equator.The E tells us that we’re east of the Prime Meridian. The W tells us that we’re west of the Prime Meridian.(N, W)(N, E)(S, W)(S, E)
13 East West, North South on the Earth What would be the latitude and longitude directions in Australia using only the compass rose??Prime MeridianIf you said South and East , you’re right!
14 Match Longitude and Latitude Another name for lines of longitudeMeridiansStates that border OhioIndiana, Michigan, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, KentuckyDirection that meridians runNorth and SouthThe four cardinal directionsNorth, East, South, WestDirection that parallels runEast and WestSouth Pole90 SAnother name for lines of latitudeParallelsNorth Pole90 NMajor line of latitude at 0EquatorEquator divides Earth intoNorthern Hemisphere and Southern HemisphereMajor line of longitude at 0Prime MeridianPrime Meridian divides Earth intoEastern Hemisphere and Western Hemisphere
15 Now you’re ready to find some locations on a map!