Presentation on theme: "I can Identify and Analyze the MAIN Causes of WW1."— Presentation transcript:
1 I can Identify and Analyze the MAIN Causes of WW1. Learning TargetI can Identify and Analyze the MAIN Causes of WW1.Essential Question: For what reasons do people get involved in war and/or conflict with others?
2 MAIN Causes of WW1MilitarismAlliancesImperialismNationalism
3 (1) MilitarismA state of extreme, aggressive military preparedness; a nationalistic glorification of the military. Often results in an arms race between nations. Everyone wants to be “the biggest” and “the best”.
4 (2) AlliancesA close association of nations acting together for a common objective such as for defense in case of an attack by an enemy. In war, this leads to a “domino effect”.
5 (3) ImperialismThe policy of forming and maintaining an empire, by establishing colonies and/or dominating the affairs of weaker nations. The desire to be the biggest and best.
6 (4) NationalismLoyalty and devotion to a nation, i.e. your own nation. Extreme pride for your country. Can become dangerous when it is coupled with extremism and militarism. i.e. an “I’m better than you” attitude.
7 Central Powers Germany Austria-Hungary Italy Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Triple Alliance1882- Each member promised mutual support in the event of an attack by any other great powers.
8 Allied Powers Great Britain France Russia Belgium Serbia Greece Italy (1915)U.S.A. (1917)Triple Entente1907- The alliance of the three powers constituted a powerful counterweight to the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy.
10 Analogy: Alliances are like friendships. W2L “MAIN Analogies”Directions: Pick one of the “MAIN Causes of WWI” and create an analogy for the cause you picked. Explain your analogy.Analogy: Alliances are like friendships.Explanation: Alliances are like friendships because friends ‘have each others backs’, just as alliances defend one another during times of conflict.MilitarismAlliancesImperialismNationalism
11 The Powder Keg Explodes Bosnia and Serbia (S.E. Europe) were annexed by Austria-Hungary in (Annexed: added to ones own territory.)The Balkan Peninsula had long been considered the “Powder Keg” of Europe. (AKA “Balkan Powder Keg”)Austria-Hungary’s Archduke Francis Ferdinand, and his wife Sophie, traveled to Sarajevo, Bosnia to try to calm tensions and reassure the people of Bosnia.
12 Meet SerbiaBosnia and Serbia (S.E. Europe) were annexed by Austria-Hungary in (Annexed: added to ones own territory.) Young Bosnia: a revolutionary movement. Members were predominantly school students. There were several motivations promoted amongst different members of the group. Violent group. Black Hand (Unification or Death): was a secret military society formed by members of the Serbian Army. Even more violent group. WW1: Allied with the Allied Powers; Great Britain, France, Russia, Belgium, Serbia, Greece, Italy (1915), U.S.A. (1917)
13 Meet Austria-HungaryA multinational realm and one of the world's great powers.Prospective Leader: Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.Since A-H annexed Bosnia and Serbia he is headed to Bosnia (with his wife Sophie) to calm tensions and reassure the people of Bosnia.WW1: Allied with the Central Powers; Germany, Italy, A-H, Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria
14 The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand On June 28, 1914, Gavrilo Princip, Serbian Nationalist, and member of Young Bosnia and the Black Hand, assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand (A-H) and his wife.
15 Domino Effect; 1914Allied PowersGreat BritainFranceRussiaBelgiumSerbiaGreeceItaly (1915)U.S.A. (1917)June 28 - Gavrilo Princip, Serbian Nationalist assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife.July 28- Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.August 1 - Germany declares war on Russia.August 3 - Germany declares war on France.August- Germany invades Belgium.August 6 - Austria-Hungary declares war on RussiaAugust 6 - Serbia declares war on Germany.Central PowersGermanyAustria-HungaryItalyOttoman Empire (1914)Bulgaria
16 The Conflict Widens Germany was prepared for war. Schlieffen Plan: Germany’s “strike first”/first strike strategy. Quick sweep into France to take it out of the war.Because Germany had to go through neutral Belgium, it drew Great Britain into the war on the side of the Allies.Late 1914: the Ottoman Empire joined the Central Powers1915: Italy joined the Allies.
17 Stalemate in the Western Front Germany tried to advance on Paris, but was stopped 30 miles short. In “no man’s land”Trench Warfare – 450 miles of trenches across the Western Front.1,000s were slaughtered as they attacked and counter attacked.
18 Germany & Austria had great success against Russia on the Eastern Front.