Presentation on theme: "Consider these questions – 1 sentence each:"— Presentation transcript:
1 Consider these questions – 1 sentence each: Objective for March 23rd: Students will analyze the causes of World War IWarm-up: The leader of a country you are allied with has been murdered by a citizen of a rival nation. The country you are allied w/ declares war and calls on you for support. Joining the war on the side of your ally will likely cause a chain reaction and a large scale war in Europe.Consider these questions – 1 sentence each:Do you support your ally as promised? Why or why not?What are the risks of refusing to help?What are the consequences of war involving all of Europe?
3 Causes of World War I - M A N I MANIA ilitarism – policy of building up strong military forces to prepare for warlliances - agreements between nations to aid and protect one anotherationalism – pride in or devotion to one’s countrymperialism – when one country takes over another country economically and politicallyssassination – murder of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand. June 28, 1914 in Sarajevo, Bosnia
4 Causes of World War I – Militarism Increase in nationalism led to an arms race in EuropeTotal Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, France, Britain, Russia) in millions of £s (British pounds)18701880189019001910191494130154268289398Increase in Defense ExpendituresFrance10%Britain13%Russia39%Germany73%
5 Causes of World War I - Alliances Triple Entente/Allied PowersTriple Alliance/Central Powers:Great BritainGermanyAustria-HungaryFranceTensionItalyRussia
6 Causes of World War I - Nationalism Pan-Slavism - movement to unify the Slavic people of Eastern Europe, but under rule of Ottoman Empire or Austria-HungaryRussia/Austria-Hungary dispute- both trying to dominate in Balkans (Southeast Europe under Austria-Hungary) but strong nationalism of Serbs, Bulgarians, Romanians, and other ethnic groups
7 Causes of World War I - Nationalism Countries felt the need to be better than everyone else.Germany’s industries grew and Britain did not like that.Nationalism led to rivalries over territorial disputes.
8 Imperialism: European conquest of Africa for raw materials and expansion of territory
9 Causes of World War I - Assassination Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Duchess Sophie Sarajevo, Bosnia - June 28th, 1914.
11 Causes of World War I - Assassination Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was killed in Bosnia by a Serbian nationalist who believed that Bosnia should belong to Serbia.
12 Causes of World War I - Assassination Gavrilo Princip of THE BLACK HAND Killed them after his assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand.THE BLACK HAND was a secret society wishing to rid Bosnia of Austrian rule.
13 The Point of No Return: The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Austria blamed Serbia for Ferdinand’s death and declared war on Serbia.Germany pledged their support for Austria -Hungary.Russia pledged their support for Serbia
14 The Point of No Return: The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Germany declares war on RussiaFrance pledges their support for RussiaGermany declares war on FranceGermany invades Belgium (neutral country) on the way to FranceGreat Britain supports Belgium and declares war on Germany
15 Allied Powers:Central Powers:GermanyGreat BritainWorld War IFranceAustria-HungaryRussiaItaly